Local women make life better for 24 impoverished youth in Uganda

By Sam Mcneish

Sitting around Marjorie Williams’ kitchen table, the four sets of eyes gathered to share a story told all you needed to know about their tale.

Those eyes exposed the souls of the four women who have taken on a project that potentially could save generations of people in Uganda.
Their eyes lit up — and welled up — as they explained the simplest of things their efforts were able to provide for 24 impoverished youth through a group they founded called HOPE (Helping Orphans Prosper through Education).

That joy mimicked the look in the eyes of the children they are helping shown in the photos provided to The Telegram taken during a recent trip to Uganda, proving their venture is making a difference.

Started in 2015, the group, comprised of Marie Woodford, Madlyn Carew and Williams, through conversations started by Woodford, who had previously visited the region and worked with orphan children, decided something had to be done on some scale to make a difference. This group has now grown to four women, as project supporter Betty Whalen has decided to become more active in the efforts.

Another Newfoundlander – Catherine Bailey – who is from St. John’s, is also volunteering with the group and helped to co-ordinate Christmas in Uganda, packages of gifts and personal items for each of the students to receive and put to good use.

The original three travelled together in 2015 to see what they could do and during that visit purchased goats, chickens and a cow to help the village sustain itself.

In 2016, they were able to provide beds, mattresses, food, medical supplies, school supplies and additional items that were needed by these children.

“We learned very quickly you can’t just go and drop things off to these children and we needed to follow protocols to ensure they got the help we wanted to provide,’’ Williams said.

“What we do is important ­– for a child, a family, a village, a country and the world,” she added.

To make this happen, they partnered with a group called Love is the Answer (LITA), a registered Canadian charity that helps orphaned children in the manner the women sought to support them.

Catherine Koch, who is from Vancouver, lives in Uganda and is their boots on the ground at the orphanage and school.

“When I was there in 2015, I saw how dire the circumstances were for these children. I just knew I had to do something to help. They were having warm water for supper,” Woodford said.

“When I came back and started to get this organized, Madlyn and Marjorie got involved and we went back in August. We all knew we were in this for the long haul,” she added.

In addition, they found education helped them to understand there was a future for them, far greater than what the youths ever realized.

As an example, education empowers young girls in so many ways. They would not have to endure childhood marriage, rape and the traditions of female genital mutilation.

“If we broke this link for 24 children, that was 24 lives changed, 24 families changed, 24 villages changed,” Williams said.

“Education helps children break the poverty cycle, opens so many doors for them, and breaks down barriers.’’

Continued growth

They started with 10 children in 2017 and decided for 2018 they would expand their work and support 24 children in school.

A visit to the school in June and reviewing the students’ report cards showed what they were providing was working, as their grades had markedly improved.

Their efforts have seen the group be able to fund computers for the school, and sewing machines, which allowed the girls — and boys, too — to learn to be seamstresses and tailors. In addition, a library was set up in the Jinja Primary Boarding School and, during the trip in June, the group established a partnership with a doctor who does monthly check-ups on the students to ensure they are remaining healthy and offset any medical issues that arise.

“By getting them the education they need, we are helping to make a difference,” Carew said.

“You can’t take education away from them. It will help them now and long into the future to make better lives for themselves The support we are receiving (from friends and colleagues) is more than we ever expected.”

Of the 24 students, two have HIV, and many times members of the group have suffered from malaria, tuberculosis, mumps, measles, typhoid fever and worms.

“We are hoping that through early detection, the diseases will not become severe or even fatal,’’ Williams said.

“The funding for their medical needs, travel to medical centres and additional unexpected costs are now provided so they can enjoy safe, healthy and happy lives.”

The children range in age from four to 16, and the women have committed to the 13 years it will take to get them educated. In fact, the four of them are adamant there is no way they are abandoning them and will see this through just as they would with their own children.

It was that thought process, and a multitude of conversations and stories from her friends, that led Whalen into the fold.

“I had always been behind the scenes and quite easily was able to raise money to help out. Many times I didn’t need to ask and everyone around me jumped in to donate to this project for me,’’ Whalen said.
“But I wanted to do more, and this is why I am so happy to be part of this worthwhile venture.”

Whalen had tears well up in her eyes when talking about and thinking of what the children are facing.

That impact shows they have the right group to spearhead an endeavour like this.

“You look at what is being done, things like Marjorie going out and collecting glasses for the children, as at least one was suffering vision issues.”

Support from afar
The support doesn’t just stop at the front and back doors of these four women.

Williams sought support from a host of people, including someone who has deep ties to Newfoundland and Labrador.

She sent a letter to Dennis Ryan, an Irish-Canadian folk musician, best known as a member of the popular Irish-Newfoundland band Ryan’s Fancy formed in 1970 with Fergus O’Byrne and the late Dermot O’Reilly.

Williams got far more than she bargained for. Not only did she find financial support, but gained one of the biggest cheerleaders the project could have asked for in Ryan.

“What these ladies are doing, driven by Marjorie, is amazing. All they do goes directly to these kids and is making a huge difference in their lives,’’ Ryan said.

“This is a new charity, but it goes without saying I am these ladies’ No. 1 fan. I am touched and moved by this whole thing and was only too glad to help when they reached out to me.”
Ryan, along with his bandmates and friends, moved to St. John’s in 1971 to attend Memorial University.

Ryan said he was supposed to do a concert in St. John’s in December in support of HOPE, but logistics didn’t allow that to happen, so when spring arrives he will look to put something together to support the project. Details will be announced once they are in place.

“It is proof that ordinary people can accomplish extraordinary things when they put their mind to it. You don’t have to be part of a big organization to do this. Just look at what these women have done in a short period of time,” he said.

“I am so enthusiastic about this project, so much that I got on the phone and shared it with a bunch of my friends, so they could get involved too,” he added, noting those people were quick to ante up for the project.

Source Northern Pen

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More than 50 youths seeking to join KDF conned in Kenya

By BERNARD ROTICH

Some of the youth who were turned away during the Kenya Defence Forces recruitment drive in Eldoret, Uasin Gishu County, on Sunday have admitted that they were conned.

They told KDF officials that they paid up to Sh300,000, for “recruitment letters”, but their hopes were dashed when they were caught with fake documents.

By the end of the drive at the Recruit Training School in Eldoret town, more than 50 suspects had been arrested with fake recruitment letters and were to be charged.

KDF spokesperson Paul Njuguna said they had warned potential recruits to be alert to avoid being conned.

“We had warned Kenyans to be on the lookout because many people out there con jobless youths whenever such opportunities arise,” he said.

A victim who declined to be named said her father paid a senior officer at the Lanet Barracks Sh300,000 to facilitate her recruitment. “Part of the money was paid in cash and the balance via M-Pesa and we were given the recruitment letter,” she said.

Some youths are said to have sold property, including land, to raise money for letters.

Col Njuguna said those arrested are being held in different police stations in Eldoret town and will be charged after investigations are completed.

According to Col Njuguna, those who were arrested confessed that they paid up to Sh300,000 for appointment letters.

SH2 MILLION

“It is unfortunate that some people have taken advantage of very innocent Kenyans to fleece them of millions of money on grounds that they are going to employ them. This should not be happening in this age and era,” explained Col Njuguna.

Last year, more than 60 youths were arrested with fake appointment letters were charged.

In April, police in Kilifi arrested a man suspected to have conned youth of more than Sh2 million by promising to recruit them into the KDF. He was arrested in a hotel in Malindi Town.

Police said he is the ring leader of a syndicate that has been operating in Mombasa and Kilifi counties, conning unsuspecting youth looking for jobs.

He had been masquerading as a Kenya Navy officer, Mtwapa OCPD Joseph Muriuki said.

Source Daily Nation

First Bank moves to tackle youth unemployment in Nigeria

First Bank of Nigeria Ltd., on last Thursday reiterated its commitment to tackling the nation’s rising unemployment rate with youth empowerment initiatives aimed at wealth creation.

Mr Gbenga Shobo, the bank’s Deputy Managing Director, speaking in Lagos on the sidelines of the youth empowerment initiative with the theme “Goals. Grit. Grind.” said that the bank would remain committed on ways to tackle the nation’s unemployment rate by catching them young.

“We like the youths to start understanding wealth and how to create wealth.

“You also understand that in Nigeria now, it’s a bit of unemployment and we want to start early with the youths to start teaching them how to create wealth, especially outside the formal employment,” Shobo said.

He said that the youth empowerment initiative which started in 2017 was introduced to strengthen financial inclusion and as well make the youths independent, instead of relying on their parents for everything.

“We want to start young and we have two sets of people here today — 9 to 13 years and older ones — we don’t think it’s too young at all to reach out to the youths segment.

“Some of them who were here last year have used what they learnt to be financially independent. A lot of them have started doing things on their own, while waiting for formal employment.

“We will continue to do this series to strengthen economic growth and development,” Shobo said. He said that the bank, through the initiative, had instituted various investment clubs for mentoring of youths to enhance financial freedom.

“Some of them have investment clubs; we are involved in some of these investment clubs, so, within those clubs, we help to mentor them,”the deputy managing director said.

He said the bank had introduced other financial inclusion strategies that make it easier for people to open an account without stress. Dr Aderemi Banjoko, Director & Founder, dbkMarkets, a global online trading company, who was the guest speaker, tasked the youths on wealth creation, money management and investment.

Speaking on the topic “Financial literacy for youths”, Banjoko said that knowledge was key to financial literacy and management.

He said that financial literacy entails ability to make informed judgements and take effective decisions regarding the use and management of money.

Banjoko stressed the need for diversification of investment to minimise risk, noting that investing in different asset classes remained the main thing.

He urged the participants to invest in stocks and shares, money market mutual fund such as commercial papers, treasury bills, among others.

Banjoko enjoined them to invest through financial experts in order not to make mistakes, advising that investing through mutual funds would be safer for them.

This article was first published on Vanguard

The drug abuse problem across Africa is finally drawing global attention

By Yomi Kazeem

The United Nations is shining the spotlight on rampant drug abuse and trafficking across African cities.

In a briefing to the United Nations Security Council, Yury Fedotov, head of the UN’s office on drugs and crime says his office is “registering new alarming trends on drug trafficking in West and Central Africa with disruptive and destabilizing effects on governance, security, economic growth, and public health.”

The agency says west, north and central Africa jointly account for 87% of all pharmaceutical opiates seized globally.

Drug abuse—particularly of opioids like codeine and Tramadol—is a problem governments in the regions have attempted to tackle. In March, Quartz Africa wrote about the problem of youth addiction to opioids spreading across Africa. After a BBC investigation in May uncovered large-scale corruption at major pharmaceutical companies in Nigeria, the government banned importation and production of codeine-based cough syrups.

For its part, Ghana’s food and drug agency has also tried to regulate the opioid imports. But the effectiveness of these measures will depend on shutting down transit routes in neighboring Benin which was named the world’s second largest destination for Indian Tramadol in 2016 by the US State Department. Recent evidence suggests the efforts remain futile: Nigerian officials seized over half a billion tablets of Tramadol in two high-profile raids at the country’s biggest port over last month.

The drug abuse problem in Africa’s cuts across societal classes as UN’s drug agency estimates there were more than 34 million cannabis users and 1.8 million cocaine users in west and central Africa in 2016. Unlike expensive narcotics, opioids are more easily accessible as they mostly cost less than $5.

Many young people across the continent are also turning to a range of unconventional concoctions—including smoking lizard dung and sniffing urine, petrol and fermented sewage—for a cheap high. Crucially, the UN agency also estimates that only one in 18 drug users with addiction issues have access to appropriate medical treatment.

This article was first published on Quartz Africa

Youths guarantee Atiku 18m votes for agreeing to restructure Nigeria

By Emma Amaize

THE 21st Century Youths of Nigeria for Restructuring, weekend, assured the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, Presidential Candidate, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar of 18, 077, 427 votes from its members in nine states of the country because of his promise to restructure the country with his first 100 days in office if elected president in 2019.

The group in a statement by the leader, Izon Ebi, also condemned the gruesome murder of former Chief of Defence Staff, Air Chief Marshal Alex Badeh, giving the Federal Government and its security agencies a seven-day ultimatum to fish out the killers to “assuage the people and exonerate themselves from any complicity.”

“We want to assure the PDP and its presidential candidate, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar that 18,077,427 votes are already intact waiting.”

“We urge all Nigerians to cast their votes for the PDP and be more determined to defend their votes for Atiku Abubakar, who has promised us not only security of life and property, but to restructure the country in his first 100 days in office,” it said.

According to the group, “We are using this opportunity to inform all our members to dust their permanent votes card PVC, to vote out this APC government that has failed in all ramifications. We are also using this medium to inform all our members to be very ready and organize themselves peacefully, steadfast and more importantly be very ready to defend their votes with the last drop of their blood.” Calling for seven days of sober reflection, the group added,

“We cannot continue in this type of insecurity, hunger, excruciating hardship and killings all over Nigeria as if we are at war. We, therefore, urge all Nigerians to join hands with us and vote out the APC government that has failed because the killings do not respect old, young, rich, poor or political parties.”

On Badeh’s assassination by unknown gunmen, it said, “We are giving Mr President and the security agents seven days to bring the killers of Alex Badeh to book to assuage us and exonerate themselves of any complicity.”

“If a former Chief of Defense Staff could be assassinated in such a shameful manner like a common criminal in our capital, Abuja, what then is the fate of ordinary Nigerians,” it said.

This article was first published on Vanguard

Teach us about sex, Youth Demand in Kenya

Jeckonia Otieno

A group of young people have called upon the government to initiate sex education to prevent cases of teenage pregnancies.

The youth under the banner ‘Young Champions of Human Sexuality Education’ say while rampant teenage pregnancies have been reported all over, young people are yet to be given an opportunity to speak on how to solve the problem. The group brings together young people in and out of school.

“The conversation around young people, sexuality education and teen pregnancies has been ongoing, especially during and after the just concluded KCPE and KCSE examinations,” said Martha Kombe of the Youth Advisory Council (YAC).

The young people pointed out that teenage pregnancies are increasing at an alarming rate and this presents a significant challenge to young people, especially girls’ right to education and sustainable development.

Angela Atieno of YAC said: “Teen pregnancy aggravates development issues for Kenya as it is a major barrier to achieving progress in sexual and reproductive health in the country.”

Statistics from UNFPA indicate that between June 2016 and July 2017, about 387,397 adolescent girls in Kenya aged between 10 and 19 got pregnant.

The statement by the youth further read: “During the just concluded KCSE and KCPE 2018, we watched in shock the alarming news of over 14,000 teenage girls sitting their national exams while pregnant or immediately after delivery. 13,624 pregnancies were recorded among girls aged 10-19 in Kilifi County alone. This is simply unacceptable, we are letting our young people down.”

The youth urged the government to listen to their views on how the problem can be solved.

“These high rates of unplanned pregnancies can be reduced by equipping our children with age-appropriate and need-appropriate sexual and reproductive health education. Our adolescent girls, young sisters and daughters, need information to be able to make safe, healthy and informed sexual choices,” Brian Otieno of Alfajiri said.

The group said evidence from UNESCO shows that human sexuality education programmes in 29 developing countries have positive outcomes.

This article was first published on Stanford Digital

Youth New Club trains over 500 in entrepreneurial skills

By Cynthia Alo

A Non- Governmental Organisation, Youth New Club, YNC, recently trained over 500 Nigerians during her six months skills acquisition and empowerment programme which covers catering, computer literacy, bakery, headtie skills, fascinator- making among others in Lagos.

The group, with its training centre in Oshodi area, said it has resolved to eradicate poverty with this measure by covering nooks and crannies of Lagos and beyond. President and Founder of the organisation, Mr. Temiola Ireti-Ayo stated this during the graduating ceremony of the beneficiaries comprising students, single and married men and women. He said:

“We are working on empowering more Nigerians in the state by extending the programme to Alimosho, Orile, Agege and subsequently, Ibadan area. This move will not only encourage youths to be self- employed but also reduce poverty in the society to a minimum.”

Ireti-Ayo also announced a contract deal for the graduating members of the Catering department while assuring all the beneficiaries of continuity in their acquired profession with easy access to loan from LSETF.

“With a soft loan of N250,000 as start-up capital from the Lagos State Employment Trust Fund, LSETF, which they are expected to pay in one year, there will be less unemployment in the country.

“However, if they are able to invest the money wisely, five years from now, they should be well established to also engage and train more youths in the country,” he added.

One of the beneficiaries, Mrs. Angela Esekhile, told Vanguard that she plans to extend her acquired catering skills to others as soon as possible.

She said: “I am delighted to be part of this programme, the six months journey was a wonderful one. I plan to also contribute to this foundation laid by training other youths.”

This articles was first published on Vanguard

Youths role in building a better future

By Change Drivers

I think it is more important for us to be able to answer the question ‘what is the role of young people in driving change?’ or rather ‘what should be the role of young people in driving change?’ then to answer the question on how Government understands the role of youth, as how youth understands their role should inform how government understands the role the of the youth.

I say this because I think that one of our problems as young people is that we suffer from identity dispossession, we do not have a national identity and we sponsor the eradication of this identity to the government. We need to figure out for ourselves what our identity is as the youth of South Africa and subsequently, what our role should be in driving change. We need to grapple with the facts and collectively discuss and work out the answers ourselves. We need to drive the discourse around issues that affect us, as young people, and collectively implement social solutions to social problems. We can no longer be at the receiving end of our own lives.

One of the biggest lessons I took from the 1st year programme with ACTIVATE! is the importance of doing a thorough analysis of what the problem is before jumping to solutions. I learnt how easy it is to come up with the wrong diagnosis and, therefore, the wrong prognosis. This is one of the problems that we have as a country and as young people.

We do not take time to thoroughly think about the problem and ask the right questions, we have so many answers that solutions have become more of a problem than the actual problem. This is dangerous as sometimes, if not most of the time, people get killed by the prescription and not the illness.

It is for this reason that I am here today without solutions. I think we need to pause for a moment; let us pause and think. Sometimes we get so action orientated that we forget to think. We, young people especially, with our now- now tendencies always want to jump to solutions without a proper understanding of what the problem is.

Let us for a moment look at what some of these issues are. One cannot talk about youth and driving change and not mention the youth of 1976. We all know the story but the short of it is that those young people were able to mobilise themselves, they made an impact on a national scale, they changed the face of South Africa and showed us how powerful young people can be.

I mention the youth of 1976 because we ought to learn from the past, Ivan van Sertima puts it beautifully in his book Child of Africa when he says “History is a critical complement to contemporary reality. . . . It should charge us not only with a surge of new pride but the electric energy of creative action. For it to animate us thus, it will demand, it will most certainly demand, a corresponding animation of consciousness. . . . The vision of our former stature in the world must penetrate our consciousness so deeply that it begins to transform the degrading and dwarf-like habits of our present thought and action, habits which have crippled our progress.This heightened awareness of the best in our past can stimulate and inspire and heal us but it must blend intelligently with a maturing vision of the living present if it is to be of practical value.”

The sad reality is that young people since 1976 have not done anything worthy of being penned down in the books of history, we have not made a collective impact on a national scale that has brought about a positive change in the country. I am not referring to what government has done on behalf of the youth, I am talking about what , as young people, have done for themselves.

One might argue that it is perhaps because we face different challenges now; that we are living in a different time; that we are not fighting a war but I beg to differ. Just because bullets are not flying about and swords are not flashing around us, does not mean that there is not a war going on. There are different modes of warfare.

Look at the state of our schools and the current trends amongst young people -you will see that we have an intellectual warfare.

Look at what is happening in our societies; young men raping the elderly, young people wasting away on drugs – you will see that we have a psychological warfare.

Look at the shocking conditions people live in; the poverty, unemployment -you will see the economic warfare.

Look at the number of people who have been taking to the streets, look at Marikana, look at the textbook saga, look all around – you will see the political warfare.

We need to very quickly realise that we are in a crisis as a country and this crisis affects us directly as young people.

What government has created with its structures, policies and development plans is promote individual escape routes from social problems and the delusion that if one grabs enough money he can individually buy his way out of all his problems and discomforts. This has subsequently given a materialistic measurement to development, where government prides itself on the few young people whose businesses or organisations they have funded. These few young people who I call Thabos then become the yardstick. We are told to look at Thabo, look how successful Thabo has become while the conditions of the masses remain the same.

We, the youth, need to understand that social problems require social solutions collectively devised and collectively implemented. We cannot adequately address social problems without addressing structural problems. Poverty, for example, is a social issue that needs to be addressed on a structural level. Poverty affects the majority of young people, it is a problem that needs to be addressed on a structural level. Yes we can do our part as individuals to help alleviate the problem but our efforts are structured by structural components. Poverty is not a natural catastrophe, it is not a Katrina of some sort, it is not God-made either. It is a structural problem that needs to be dealt with at a structural level. We cannot run from the fact that structural components shape our reality.

ACTIVATE! Is filled with young people who are doing amazing work in their communities and this is what gives me hope for this country but we need to capitalise on our numbers as young people and work on a national scale to bring about structural changes, lest we are prepared to forever be sweeping the water while the tap remains running. The population of this country is 60% youth but this alone is nothing to be proud, large numbers made of people who are unproductive is not an asset. Our numbers need to work for us, we need to capitalise on our numbers to drive change.

We need to create an identity for ourselves, be at the forefront of everything that is youth related, we need to occupy the right spaces, we need to go back to the drawing board, re-examine our situation, take out our concept cards, dialogue around these issues, grapple with the facts and form an ideological base to inform our actions.

The question was, what can government do to best support young people to drive change?

We are a country that supposedly works on representation and we young people make up 60% of the population. Simply put, government needs to create space for young people take charge, it needs to loosen its grip and let young people take centre stage. They need to make room for innovation to make its way to the top and trickle back down again. We are future leaders but the future starts today.

This articles was first published on Activate Leadership

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19 essential start-up tips for young entrepreneurs

By Abigail Van-West and Ian Wallis

One in five 18-34 year-olds have a business idea. And with young people nearly three times more likely to be unemployed than the rest of the population – the highest level in 20 years – and the volume of new companies rising each year, starting a business has rarely been more pertinent.

While the stats show youth employment – those aged 16-24 actually fell by 181,000 for the year to January 2015, the number unemployed remains close to 750,000. That’s why the number of self-employed young people has risen dramatically since the start of the economic crisis.

Starting a business won’t prove the silver bullet for all, but the support available has certainly never been so good. So, without further ado, here’s our 19-point checklist to guide ambitious and courageous young people through the start-up process.

1. Be inspired and learn from others’ mistakes.

Read the start-up stories of others on websites, in books, or at events for people starting a business. Every successful entrepreneur makes tons of mistakes and they’re often prepared to talk about them with the benefit of hindsight.

2. Get some experience.

Gain an intimate understanding of the sector you plan to launch a business into. In his early 20s Nicko Williamson, the founder of eco-friendly private car hire business Climate Cars, worked in the call centre of an established private car hire company. He learned how the business operated from the inside and discovered areas where he could make small, but critical, tweaks to differentiate what was on offer.

3. Know your customer.

Researching the market that you are thinking of entering is essential and will tell you if you are on the right track. Talk to people within your customer demographic and get an idea of how they would react to your product or service. Very few ideas are entirely original, so you may not need a non-disclosure agreement – and by asking questions about the merits of existing products or services you don’t have to divulge what you plan to do differently anyway.

4. Know your competition.

Market research also enables you to get to grips with your competition. What other products and services like yours are out there already? Not all businesses stem from a revolutionary idea and many successful businesses are borne out of an improvement to an old concept. However, you need to offer customers something noticeably better, cheaper, easier than what they are used to if you are going to draw them away from the familiar.

5. Write a business plan.

Having a great business idea does not mean you have a great business. Write a business plan to encourage yourself to evaluate your idea in detail. Use it to make realistic targets for your business and consider all the costs of setting up and sustaining your company. On this site, you can take a look at our free business plan template.

6. Find a Mentor.

Try the government-backed mentoring service http://www.mentorsme.co.uk, a free service set up to provide businesses with experienced support via a network of quality-assured mentoring organisations. Failing that, talk to people you know with experience of what you’re planning to do, attend relevant exhibitions and conferences, and speak to friends or family members who have started businesses.

7. Be lean.

Buy or download Eric Ries’ seminal book The Lean Startup. Start from home. Grow the business step by step and keep overheads to a minimum. Don’t employ before you have to. Don’t take on premises before you need to. See if there’s a market for your product or service by testing on a smaller-scale. Create a rough and ready website first (take a look at our guide to free website builders to start) and build on it. Go to friends and family, or crowdfund, for seed finance. Keep some cash in the business.

8. Don’t over-extend.

A common mistake of new companies is to believe revenues equals success. Those companies often find themselves overlooking the need for net profit and working capital. By leaving themselves without cash in the business they can quickly become unstuck, with higher fixed costs such as salaries than they can afford and debts they can no longer afford to service.

9. Research and learn for no cost.

Spend time in the British Library’s Business & IP Centre in London, which offers free access to market research reports from all the major analysts, industry guides and journals, company data, grants and intellectual property databases, workshops, resident advisers, and events. It’s an invaluable resource for anyone starting up or in the process of establishing a business and has centres around the UK in through the central libraries in Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle and Sheffield.

10. Contact support organisations.

Youth Business International provides access to financial support, mentoring and technical training through a collaborative network of partners, which in the UK includes: Start-Up Direct for talented 18-30 year-olds in Greater London; Virgin StartUp, the not-for-profit organisation to help entrepreneurs access funding, resources and advice; and UnLtd, a provider of support for social entrepreneurs which runs an award scheme to back social enterprises at seed stage.

11. Look for an accelerator.

Some major organisations have created private start-up accelerators, which often have a specific focus such as technology, finance, healthcare or eco-friendly start-ups. Many universities also offer space and support for student or local entrepreneurs keen to take advantage of the expertise available. When the time is right accelerators often have access to a network of angel and venture capital investors keen to spot the next big thing.

12. Join an Entrepreneurs’ Society at university.

Student enterprise charity NACUE (National Association of College & University Entrepreneurs) was created by members of these societies from a number of prominent universities. It received a further £1.3m in government funding in 2012 to support its initiatives and now works with 260 institutional members and enterprise societies, government and corporate partners. The organisation offers training, provides peer-support, and hosts competitions for start-up entrepreneurs.

13. Apply for the Peter Jones Enterprise Academy.

The youth enterprise organisation was set up by Dragons’ Den’s Peter Jones CBE. The academy offers a BTEC in enterprise and entrepreneurship and offers masterclasses and workshops. The academy works with around 30 UK colleges and specifically caters for teenagers and students.

14. Apply to a graduate scheme.

Entrepreneur First hosts an intensive six-month graduate programme to encourage university leavers to start a business. Apply to their scheme and receive support all the way from the development of a business idea to product launch. The scheme claims to have created 20 start-ups now worth over $100m, including Emily Brookes who started cycling laserlight product Blaze, and has funded by prominent investors such as Y Combinator, Index Ventures, and Octopus Ventures.

15. Apply for a Start Up Loan.

The government-backed Start Up Loans scheme was started to champion young entrepreneurs aged 18-24, but has broadened its remit to anyone over 18 and has a budget of £310m, with start-up loans of up to £25,000 being approved and the average loan size standing at £6,000. David Cameron’s government enterprise advisor Lord Young believed it should be the right of a start-up to secure a loan from the government and by early 2015 around £130m has been lent to 25,000 new businesses with more than half of that figure going to those aged 18-30.

16. Look for grants.

If you’re a social enterprise, organisations such as UnLtD provide awards to businesses with social aims and a solid model. The Prince’s Trustprovides practical and financial support to 13-30 year-olds who struggled at school, have been in care, have been in trouble with the law, or have been unemployed for long periods.

17. Get a name.

Find a business name that’s available and a suitable name by making a list of contenders. Then, draw four columns with headings for ‘Companies House’, ‘Domain name’, ‘Trading as’, and ‘Copyrighted’. Work through your list to find one available in every column. There are common name types, so think laterally about what you can call your business: 1. Something that says what you do (e.g. Shout Media); 2. Your name (e.g. Smith & Jones PR); 3. Something conceptual (e.g. Fizarro.com); 4. A play on words (e.g. A Cut Above). Try different combinations and see which one fits and makes a statement about your business. It is important to choose a name that will be easily remembered by your customers. Once you have the name, it’s time to build your website.

18. Design a business logo.

A well-designed, relevant logo can have an instant impact on your customers and leave a lasting impression. It is important to choose a logo that suits the tone and role of your business and to have a clear idea of the message you want to convey before approaching a designer.

19. Promote your company.

Hiring an expensive PR company can come later, but for now it is important to self-promote in every way possible. Social media is an essential tool for this, so get to grips with how to use sites such as Facebook and Twitter to maximum effect. Entering competitions can also help to get your company noticed and branding yourself as an award-winning company is a great way to appeal to customers.

This article was first published on Startups.

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