Mekele Set To Provide Jobs For 23,000 Youth in Ethiopia

Featured photo credit: SOS Youth Facilities

Mekele, the Capital of Tigray Region of Ethiopia provides land for investors who are set to create jobs for 22,900 youth.

The 222 investors who secured the land have registered a total capital of 13.6 billion birr (about $483 million). The investors who secured land from Mekele City Administration on Saturday will be engaged in manufacturing and service sectors, according to Fana Broadcasting.

Increasing Mekele City Administration has been providing land after evaluating investment proposals of the investors.

The report indicated that Dr. Debretision Gebremichael, Deputy Head of Tigray Region said that when more investment comes to the region, more youth will get jobs.

In recent years youth unemployment in Ethiopia has been a major concern. For some cities the unemployment rate is estimated to reach up to 30% though the official data says that the national unemployment rate is around 24%.

The growing rural to urban migration and the imbalance between the number of graduates coming from schools every year and the number of jobs the country is providing, have increased the unemployment rate in cities including Mekele.

The December 2016 report of the World Bank on employment in Ethiopia suggested that the government needs to address major obstacles in the labor market to enable the country accelerate structural transformation, ensure inclusive growth and lead to poverty reduction.

Entitled, ‘5th Ethiopia economic update: why so idle? – wages and employment in a crowded labor market, World Bank’s report offers five policy recommendations to enhance urban labor markets:

– encourage firm creation and firm growth that creates jobs for non-graduates;

– increase labor productivity in the low-skill population segment by addressing constraints faced by firms in accessing capital (financial and physical) to ensure that the marginal product of labor increases above the nutrition-based wage;

– invest further in job training and technical training programs to build the skills of those in the job market: both for low-skilled workers to increase their productivity and for those with higher levels of education to increase their skill base;

– introduce targeted urban safety nets and labor market programs to invest in skills of low skilled employees and the unemployed, and provide financial support to enable their job search;

– enhance the use of information communication and technology (ICT) to provide information on job vacancies throughout the city and reduce the cost of job search.

Source New Business Ethiopia

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Ethiopia Bans Alcohol Commercials on Media to Protect Children and Youth


By NBE


Ethiopians Parliament on Wednesday has passed a new law that bans alcohol commercials on broadcast media.


The new law aims to protect children and the youth from being seduced by the commercials of liquor and become addicted and unproductive. It also plans to address the consequences of alcohol consumption on the health of individuals and over economy.

Reports show that most of drunkard drivers are among the causes of road traffic accidents in Ethiopia, which cost the country about 5,000 lives and millions of dollars property damage every year.

In Ethiopia liquor manufacturers and importers including beer factories have been major sponsors of broadcast programs. To minimize the impact of the ban on the income of the broadcast media, which are also significant in democratization of Ethiopia, government institutions should figure out how to work with the broadcasters for better good causes, according to the Minister of Health of Ethiopia Dr. Amir.

“…But as Minister of Health and my mandate, no matter what the consequence I support efforts to protect the health of the public,” he told Sheger FM this morning.

Primarily the draft law was suggesting transmission of alcohol adverts after the children sleep – after 9:PM. Meanwhile during the later discussions and public hearings, it is decided that alcohol advertisements have to be banned. Finally the 547 members parliament banned the commercials on broadcast media by over 400 majority votes.

The new law, which aims to protect the health of the public also involves articles related to tobacco and drug uses, among others.

Currently there are two wineries and several breweries while dozens of companies are engaged in import and distributions of liquors.


Source New Business Ethiopia


Ethiopia: Employment sought for Sri Lankan youth in African continent

Employment has been sought for Sri Lankan youth in the African continent.

The Embassy of Sri Lanka in Ethiopia celebrated the 71st Anniversary of National Day of Sri Lanka with the Addis Ababa based Diplomats, senior officials of the Ethiopian Government and the African Union Commission, Ethiopian entrepreneurs and members of the Sri Lankan community, at the Sri Lanka House.

The official ceremony commenced with the hoisting of the national flag by Ambassador Sumith Dassanayake followed by singing of national anthems of Sri Lanka and Ethiopia, observing two minutes of silence in remembrance of national heroes and lighting of traditional oil lamp by the invited guests, the Embassy of Sri Lanka in Ethiopia said.

The National Day messages of the President, Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs were read out in Sinhala, Tamil and English languages.

Addressing the gathering, Ambassador of Sri Lanka to Ethiopia and Permanent Representative to the African Union Commission Sumith Dassanayake outlined the significant achievements of Sri Lanka since independence and requested the Diplomatic Corps and other foreign guests to make use of the opportunities available in Sri Lanka in the fields of trade, tourism and foreign investment etc.

The Ambassador also acknowledged the positive contributions made by the Sri Lankan expatriate community in Ethiopia and Africa for economic development in Sri Lanka. He also requested them to contribute further and find more employment opportunities for Sri Lankan youths in the African continent.

At the end, a short video featuring Sri Lanka’s tourist and cultural attractions was screened to the audience.


Source MenaFM


Ethiopia: The District Of Columbia’s Top Youth Volunteers Of 2019 Selected By National Program


The Prudential Spirit of Community Awards honors Washington students with $1,000, medallions and invitation to national recognition events.


WASHINGTON, Feb. 5, 2019 /PRNewswire/ — Skylar Thomas, 17 and Feven Tadele, 12, today were named the District of Columbia’s top two youth volunteers of 2019 by The Prudential Spirit of Community Awards, a nationwide program honoring young people for outstanding acts of volunteerism. As State Honorees, Skylar and Feven each will receive $1,000, an engraved silver medallion and an invitation to join the top two honorees from all 50 U.S. states in early May for four days of national recognition events in Washington, D.C. During the trip, 10 students will be named America’s top youth volunteers of 2019.

The Prudential Spirit of Community
Awards, now in its 24th year, is conducted by Prudential Financial in partnership with the National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP).

These are the District of Columbia’s top youth volunteers of 2019:

High School State Honoree: Skylar Thomas Nominated by Ballou Senior High School

Skylar, a senior at Ballou Senior High School, worked as a summer youth camp counselor and tutor to help children from low-income neighborhoods gain skills that will help them become more successful in school and in life. As a young child, Skylar was invited to participate in Reaching New Heights, a program sponsored by the D.C. Metropolitan Police Department. “My mentor helped change my life by being there for me when I wasn’t focused on school, giving me someone to talk to about adolescent issues other than my mother, and continuously preaching that education is power,” said Skylar.

Three years ago, Skylar was invited by the police department to come back to the program as a summer camp counselor. Growing up, she saw a lot of kids who were always playing video games, who didn’t want to go to school, and who had difficulty completing their homework. “I wanted to change their way of thinking,” she said. Her first job as a volunteer was to help the program director conduct an orientation session for parents to explain the program’s mission and goals and to get permission for the children to participate. Then, on Saturdays and weekday evenings, Skylar helped young students improve their reading skills, taught them to express themselves through writing, bolstered their vocabulary and math skills, and showed them how much fun science can be. She also assisted them with community service projects and accompanied the group on field trips. “I wanted these kids to know and believe there is hope for a positive future, and that I am here to help them achieve their dreams,” said Skylar.

Middle Level State Honoree: Feven Tadele Nominated by St. Augustine Catholic School

Feven, a seventh-grader at St. Augustine Catholic School, is a dedicated volunteer who gives back to her community and beyond in many ways, including packing food for people in need, teaching Sunday school at her church, and traveling to Ethiopia to aid people living in poverty and teach English. Feven said her older sister is her primary inspiration for serving others. “Ever since I was little I have looked up to my sister because I always saw her helping others in some way,” said Feven. She soon discovered that volunteering was its own reward. “It gives me a happy feeling inside,” she said.

When she was about 7 years old, Feven started following in her sister’s footsteps by selling chocolates at her church to raise money for her school. Then she offered to help struggling students with their homework, and assisted teachers in sprucing up their classrooms. Gradually, she increased her commitment to helping others and began teaching the Bible to children at her church, distributing holiday cards at a senior citizens home, and packing food to give to the poor in her community. Last summer, Feven, her sister and a friend traveled to Ethiopia to feed people in need and teach English to children there. “Teaching children who are eager to learn always gives me an overflow of joy,” said Feven. “Every time I teach a student, I believe that I am helping prepare that child for the real world and helping them to become great citizens and a great asset to their community.”

Distinguished Finalists

The program judges also recognized two other District of Columbia students as Distinguished Finalists for their impressive community service activities. Each will receive an engraved bronze medallion.

These are the District of Columbia’s Distinguished Finalists for 2019:

Anjali Bose, 16, a junior at Georgetown Day School, founded and runs the D.C. chapter of Toybank, an organization devoted to improving children’s cognitive function through play; she began volunteering at the foundation at its home base in her native city of Mumbai. In Washington, she collected nearly 100 toys in three months to send to India, staying in constant contact with the central office and mastering the logistics of collecting, storing, quality-checking and shipping the donations.

Lukas Leijon, 18, a senior at School Without Walls High School, created and maintained trails on both the Appalachian Trail and auxiliary trails in the Northeast with the Appalachian Mountain Club for three summers. He cleared fallen trees, built bog bridges and lodged rocks in the trail to combat erosion, guiding less experienced club members and becoming certified in Wilderness First Aid; his work will help maintain the beauty and accessibility of the trail for another hundred years.

“These young volunteers learned and demonstrated that they can make meaningful contributions to individuals and communities through their service,” said Prudential CEO Charles Lowrey. “It’s an honor to recognize their great work, and we hope that shining a spotlight on their service inspires others to consider how they might make a difference.”

“Each of these honorees is proof that students have the energy, creativity and unique perspectives to create positive change,” said JoAnn Bartoletti, executive director of NASSP. “We commend each of the 2019 honorees for their outstanding volunteer service, and for the invaluable example they’ve set for their peers.”

About The Prudential Spirit of Community Awards

The Prudential Spirit of Community Awards represents the United States’ largest youth recognition program based solely on volunteer service. All public and private middle level and high schools in the country, as well as all Girl Scout councils, county 4-H organizations, American Red Cross chapters, YMCAs and affiliates of Points of Light’s HandsOn Network, were eligible to select a student or member for a local Prudential Spirit of Community Award. These Local Honorees were then reviewed by an independent judging panel, which selected State Honorees and Distinguished Finalists based on criteria including personal initiative, effort, impact and personal growth.

While in Washington, D.C., the 102 State Honorees – one middle level and one high school student from each state and the District of Columbia – will tour the capital’s landmarks, meet top youth volunteers from other parts of the world, attend a gala awards ceremony at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural

History, and visit their congressional representatives on Capitol Hill. On May 6, 10 of the State Honorees – five middle level and five high school students – will be named America’s top youth volunteers of 2019. These National Honorees will receive additional $5,000 awards, gold medallions, crystal trophies and $5,000 grants from The Prudential Foundation for nonprofit charitable organizations of their choice.

Since the program began in 1995, more than 125,000 young volunteers have been honored at the local, state and national level. The program also is conducted by Prudential subsidiaries in Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Ireland, India, China and Brazil. In addition to granting its own awards, The Prudential Spirit of Community Awards program also distributes President’s Volunteer Service Awards to qualifying Local Honorees.

For information on all of this year’s Prudential Spirit of Community State Honorees and Distinguished Finalists, visit http://spirit.prudential.com or www.nassp.org/spirit.

About NASSP

The National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP) is the leading organization of and voice for principals and other school leaders across the United States. NASSP seeks to transform education through school leadership, recognizing that the fulfillment of each student’s potential relies on great leaders in every school committed to the success of each student. Reflecting its long-standing commitment to student leadership development, NASSP administers the National Honor Society, National Junior Honor Society, National Elementary Honor Society, and National Student Council. Learn more at www.nassp.org.

About Prudential Financial

Prudential Financial, Inc. (NYSE: PRU), a financial services leader, has operations in the United States, Asia, Europe, and Latin America. Prudential’s diverse and talented employees are committed to helping individual and institutional customers grow and protect their wealth through a variety of products and services, including life insurance, annuities, retirement-related services, mutual funds and investment management. In the U.S., Prudential’s iconic Rock symbol has stood for strength, stability, expertise and innovation for more than a century. For more information, please visit www.news.prudential.com.

For Spirit of Community Awards program logo and medallion graphics, please visit https://spirit.prudential.com/resources/media


SOURCE Prudential Financial, Inc


Ethiopia: Addis Ababa Takes Off 2,000 Street Children


Officially commencing the rehabilitation of street children in Capital of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, last night the city administration has lifted 2,000 street children volunteered to enter rehabilitation centers.


Last night 300 volunteers and popular figures along with the officials of the city administration have participated in taking the children into the rehabilitation centers. The administration will be implimenting the rehabilitation in collaboration with Ethiopia’s Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs and the Addis Ababa Youth and Sport Bureau.

Led by the recently appointed popular Deputy Mayor of Addis Ababa City, Takele Umma, a few days ago the City has introduced an independently run trust fund that plans to rehabilitate some 50,000 street children including women and other people currently living on the streets of Addis Ababa.

The Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs has planned to cover the cost of 10,009 street dwellers. The information from the Ministry shows that out of the total, the cost of 5009 inhabitants will be covered by the ministry whereas another 5000 will be subsidized by Addis Ababa City Administration.

A few days ago Deputy Mayor Takele indicated that the trust fund will have six rehabilitation centers and works with the administrations of other regions of Ethiopia from where the street children are coming from.

The trust fund will be using contributions from the mega state enterprises such as the Ethiopia Airlines, which is expected to provide over 400 million birr per year from its tickets sell. The trust fund has also launched a short messaging line 6400 to raise funds from the public.

The fund which also aims to raise more funds through music concerts of famous singers like Teddy Afro and Achalu Hunde as well as mobilize the Ethiopians in the diaspora to raise more funds, aims to fiancé other social services such as school feeding programs in Addis Ababa, according to Deputy Mayor Takele Umma.

In Ethiopia reports show that over 150,000 people live on streets of which most are children. Out of this Addis Ababa is estimated to host around 60,000. While, reports show that HIV/AIDS has already orphaned over one million children in Ethiopia.


Source nbe


Ethiopia Focuses On Irrigation, Tourism To Cut Unemployment

To address the serious challenge of unemployment, Ethiopia government will focus of the development of irrigation and tourism, says Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed.

He made the remark this morning speaking to the members of parliament in the capital, Addis Ababa. The premier stated that the jobs the country is creating every year is around one million, while the population of the country is increasing by two and half million annually.

“…that is why we are focusing on the tourism sector development ad irrigation,” he said. Prime Minister Abiy noted that around 40% of the youth I the rural areas is also disguised unemployed as three four individuals are sharing the job one person was supposed to do.

In an attempt to help the youth create jobs, the 10 billion birr (around $355 million at current exchange rate) revolving fund, Ethiopian government allocated a few years has also been misused, according to Prime Minister Abiy.

“The fund was not an award,“ he said, indicating that the fund was supposed to revolve creating jobs and reduce unemployment. Meanwhile only 1% of the fund is now at hand, according to the premier.

Launched following the mass illegal migration of Ethiopians through risky routes, the revolving fund was distributed to all regional states of Ethiopia to help the unemployed youth.

Prime Minister Abiy further stated that even though it is not possible for any country to make unemployment zero, involving the private sector and supporting startups will be among the priorities of his administration in the coming years.

In Ethiopia it is estimated that agriculture sector contributes to over 75% of the jobs directly or indirectly. Though it is estimated that the country has irrigation potential of 2.7 million hectares, reports show that it has only utilized a fraction of that figure. On the contrary, the country imports wheat spending hundreds of millions of dollars.

Prime Minister Abiy stressed that modernizing agriculture and focusing on irrigation is the solution to tackle unemployment and trade deficit.

As a result, the country has not been able to feed its growing umber of population estimated to double and reach 200 million in 30 years. It is still dependent on foreign food aid to feed several millions who can’t produce enough to feed themselves.

Likewise, reports also show that the east African country with abundant historic ad natural tourist attractions has not been able to fully utilize its tourism potentials as compared to the Gulf destinations such as, Dubai, which turned desert into global tourist destinations.


Source nbe


Contending Political Parties Vow to Bring Youth to Leadership Positions in Ethiopia


Contending political parties revealed that they have been exerting efforts to bring the youth to the forefront in order to engage them in high level decision-making and leadership positions.


The contending political parties, two national and one regional, are Ethiopian Federal Democratic Unity Forum (Medrek) and Ethiopian National Movement as well as Arena Tigray Party.

In an exclusive interview with ENA, Medrek Chairman Million Tumato said his party is working hard to encourage the youth to actively take part in the leadership of the party.

Nurturing the youth to participate directly in strategizing and meeting the political goal of the party and leading the party is crucial, he noted.

Subsequent to the efforts Medrek has been making in this respect, a certain level of achievement has been registered, according to the chairman.

Million said, “The percentage of youth and women leaders in the party has reached 20 percent. There is of course serious effort to increase the leadership of the youth since almost 70 percent of the population of Ethiopia is youth.”

According to him, democracy and development are unthinkable without the involvement of the youth and women at high level.

The political wing of the youth in the party is created to develop the political leadership and participation of the youth in particular, he pointed out.

Ethiopian National Movement Chairman, Yilkal Getnet said consolidating the involvement of the youth in leadership helps the youth to contribute creatively and utilize their talent in building democracy.

The youth should, therefore, be encouraged to take leadership positions in political parties and contribute creatively to the process of building the parties and democracy at large, he stated.

“In our party we are mainly working to bring the youth and women to leadership positions. We have an internal regulation which focuses on bringing the youth and talented individuals to leadership,” Yilkal added.

He believes that the youth are farsighted and have special talent to achieve their dreams and translate their ideas into reality.

According to Yilkal, creating opportunities for the youth to take part in the political and decision-making processes is very crucial for countries like Ethiopia which aspire to build strong and democratic country.

Arena Tigray Party Chairman, Abraha Desta said young politicians are getting the chance to get involved in high level political decision of the party.

Although the regional party Arena Tigray was established by senior politicians, the leadership is now transferred to the youth, he added.

Abraha said, “We believe that the youth should lead with new political thinking because the political thinking of the 1960s cannot bring democracy and unity. Rather it sows seeds of skepticism, distrust and animosity between political parties. We must bring new political thinking that suits the youth.”


Source ena


Report: 36 Million Poverty Hit Children In Ethiopia

An estimated 36 million of a total population of 41 million children under the age of 18 in Ethiopia are multi-dimensionally poor, says a new report by a government agency and the UN agency for UN children.
The report indicated that the children are deprived of basic goods and services in at least three dimensions. The report studied child poverty in nine dimensions – development/stunting, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, and housing. Other dimensions included education, health related knowledge, and information and participation, according to the study conducted by the Central Statistics Agency and UNICEF.

The study, “Multi-dimensional Child Deprivation in Ethiopia – First National Estimates,” finds that 88 per cent of children in Ethiopia under the age of 18 (36 million) lack access to basic services in at least three basic dimensions of the nine studied, with lack of access to housing and sanitation being the most acute.

Given their large population sizes, Oromia, Amhara, and Southern regions are the largest contributors to multi-dimensional child deprivation in Ethiopia.

These three regions jointly account for 34 of the 36 million deprived children in Ethiopia, with Oromia having the highest number at 16.7 million, SNNPR at 8.8 million, and Amhara at 8.5 million. Regions with the lowest number of poor children are Harar at 90,000, Dire Dawa at 156,000, and Gambella at 170,000.

“We need to frequently measure the rates of child poverty as part of the general poverty measures and use different approaches for measuring poverty. This requires all stakeholders from government, international development partners and academic institutions to work together to measure, design policies and programmes to reduce child poverty in Ethiopia,’’ said Mr Biratu Yigezu, Director General of Central Statistics Agency.

The report adapted the global Multi-Dimensional Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology and used information available from national data sets such as the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys of 2011 and 2016. MODA has been widely used by 32 countries in Africa to analyze child well-being.

The methodology defines multi-dimensional child poverty as non-fulfilment of basic rights contained in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and concludes that a child is poor if he or she is deprived in three to six age-specific dimensions.

The report’s findings have been validated through an extensive consultative process involving the Ministry of Women, Children and Youth, National Planning Commission, the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs together with the Economic Policy Research Institute, among others.

“Children in Ethiopia are more likely to experience poverty than adults, with distressing and lifelong effects which cannot easily be reversed,” said Gillian Mellsop, UNICEF Representative in Ethiopia.

“Ethiopia’s future economic prosperity and social development, and its aspirations for middle income status, depend heavily on continued investments in children’s physical, cognitive and social development.”

The study reveals that there are large geographical inequalities: 94 per cent children in rural areas are multi-dimensionally deprived compared to 42 per cent of children in urban areas.

Across Ethiopia’s regions, rates of child poverty range from 18 per cent in Addis Ababa to 91 per cent in Afar, Amhara, and SNNPR. Poverty rates are equally high in Oromia and Somali (90 per cent each) and Benishangul-Gumuz (89 per cent).

Additional key findings from the report indicate:

High disparities across areas and regions of residence in terms of average number deprivations in basic rights or services.

For example, the differences in deprivation intensity (average number of deprivations in basic rights and services that each child is experiencing) between rural and urban areas are significant; multi-dimensionally deprived children residing in rural areas experienced 4.5 deprivations in accessing basic rights and needs on average compared to 3.2 among their peers in urban areas;

Although there has been progress in reducing child deprivation, much more remains to be done. The percentage of children deprived in three to six dimensions decreased from 90 per cent to 88 per cent between 2011 and 2016 and the average number of deprivations that each child is experiencing decreased from 4.7 to 4.5 dimensions during the same period.

Most children in Ethiopia face multiple and overlapping deprivations. Ninety-five per cent of children in Ethiopia are deprived of two to six basic needs and services, while only one per cent have access to all services. Deprivation overlaps between dimensions are very high in rural areas and among children in the poorest wealth quintiles.

The report makes the following recommendations:

  • Speed up investments to reduce child poverty by four per cent each year for the next decade if Ethiopia is to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal on poverty reduction;
  • Accelerate investments in social sectors prioritizing child-sensitive budgeting at the national and regional levels to enhance equality and equity; and
  • Improve collaboration among different social sectors to ensure that the multiple needs of children are met.

Source Newbusinessethiopia


Ethiopia: Youth temporarily block Ethio-Djibouti road, railway


By Dawit Endeshaw


Almost three weeks after a similar deadly violence, Afar Regional State is yet again hit by a fresh protest which causeda blockage to the Ethio-Djibouti road and railway for almost two days, The Reporterhas learnt.

It is to be recalled that similar protests werewitnessedin Afar back in December 25, 2018, of which four people were said to have lost their lives and 13 severely injured. It was a result of a clash between an armed militia and Special police of the Afar Regional States which first erupted in a place called Endefo–a small Kebele along the border of Afar and Somali Regional States.

The clash erupted following public protests back in December, 2018, at which time the public, largely ethnically Issas, were raising demands for a better administration and infrastructure in the area. In addition, there have been also questions of inclusion under the Somali Regional State.

Three small kebeles, namelyEndefo, Adayetu and Gedamaytu–currently belonging to the Afar Regional State–in addition to other ethnic groups, it is also inhabited by Issa Somalis. Those disputed kebeleshave now become the centre of conflict.

For months, Afar Regional State was a relatively calm region in comparison to other parts of the country.

Yet, after weeks of backlashes, similar violence waswitnessedin the region where youths particularly from Afar Region decided to block the road that connect Ethiopia with Djibouti–a major economic corridor and the only sea outlet for the later.

Source from the area told The Reporter thatthe youth were motivated to block the roads toforce a response and intervention from the federal government to resolve the intensified clashes between the Issa nationalities and the Afar which is the main reason behind the security crisis in the region.

The roads including the railway lines were closed on Sunday, January 13 and continued through to the next day. This finally calledfor the intervention of the National DefenseForces. Yet, after a two-day stand- off, the youth have agreed to stop the blockage and decided to sit down for talks with the regional and federal government officials.

With exception of blocking the roads and burning tires, the protest was more or less peaceful, said a driver who lives in Afar.

For years, there has been small and separated clashes between the two pastoralist communities of Afar and Issa and was mainly caused by competition over grazing land.

However, this time around, the clash between the two seems more than that and it seems different groups are involved, according to the driver who knows the area for the past 20 years. For instance, the latest protests and clash were intensified following a killing from Afar, said the driver.

Furthermore, for weeks,The Reporterhas learnt that there were clashes between the two and separated killings of individuals who belong to the two groups.The confrontation between the two is still going on and people are dying, Abdi Bouh, deputy head of Agriculture Bureau at Endefo, told The Reporter.According to Abdi, the conflicts are still ongoing and the federal government is doing little about it.

It is to be recalled that just a few of months ago, the ruling party of the region–Afar National Democratic Party—replaced Haji Seyoum with AwolAreba. In addition, the party has also appointed Ayesha Mohammed (Eng.), Minister of Defense, to be the Chairman of the party.

Source The Reporter

Report: About 36m children in Ethiopia multi-dimensionally poor


By APA News


An estimated 36 million of a total population of 41 million children under the age of 18 in Ethiopia are multi-dimensionally poor, meaning they are deprived of basic goods and services in at least three dimensions, says a new report released Friday by the Central Statistical Agency and UNICEF.Titled “Multi-dimensional Child Deprivation in Ethiopia – First National Estimates,” the report studied child poverty in nine dimensions – development/stunting, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, and housing. Other dimensions included education, health related knowledge, and information and participation.

”We need to frequently measure the rates of child poverty as part of the general poverty measures and use different approaches for measuring poverty. This requires all stakeholders from government, international development partners and academic institutions to work together to measure, design policies and programes to reduce child poverty in Ethiopia,” said Mr Biratu Yigezu, Director General of Central Statistical Agency.

The report adapted the global Multi-Dimensional Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology and used information available from national data sets such as the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys of 2011 and 2016. MODA has been widely used by 32 countries in Africa to analyze child well-being. The methodology defines multi-dimensional child poverty as non-fulfilment of basic rights contained in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and concludes that a child is poor if he or she is deprived in three to six age-specific dimensions. The report’s findings have been validated through an extensive consultative process involving the Ministry of Women, Children and Youth, National Planning Commission, the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs together with the Economic Policy Research Institute, among others.

“Children in Ethiopia are more likely to experience poverty than adults, with distressing and lifelong effects which cannot easily be reversed,” said Gillian Mellsop, UNICEF Representative in Ethiopia. “Ethiopia’s future economic prosperity and social development, and its aspirations for middle income status, depend heavily on continued investments in children’s physical, cognitive and social development.”

The study finds that 88 per cent of children in Ethiopia under the age of 18 (36 million) lack access to basic services in at least three basic dimensions of the nine studied, with lack of access to housing and sanitation being the most acute. The study reveals that there are large geographical inequalities: 94 per cent children in rural areas are multi-dimensionally deprived compared to 42 per cent of children in urban areas. Across Ethiopia’s regions, rates of child poverty range from 18 per cent in Addis Ababa to 91 per cent in Afar, Amhara, and SNNPR. Poverty rates are equally high in Oromia and Somali (90 per cent each) and Benishangul-Gumuz (89 per cent).


Source journal du cameroun