South Africa: Teens to fly Cape to Cairo in a plane they assembled

By iOL.co.za (MERCURY REPORTER)

An epic adventure in the form of an aviation challenge promoting and supporting innovation, technology and entrepreneurship will see 20 teenagers embark on a Cape-to-Cairo-and-back excursion in a self-assembled Sling-4 aircraft.

The aircraft uses ordinary motor fuel and was built in just three weeks.

The excursion, earmarked to start next month, will see different teams of the 20 teenagers pilot and charter a course that will cut across several African cities and towns, spreading the key messages of an African narrative that started as a dream.

Teen pilot, author and motivational speaker Megan Werner, sparked by her passion to inspire, founded U Dream Global Foundation to uplift, empower, equip and transform the lives of thousands of youth throughout Africa and the world by “dreaming and achieving the impossible as well as succeeding beyond expectations”.

“The challenge has enabled us to take a lot of teenagers from different backgrounds and to teach and equip them with life skills that they can take with them into the future.

“Throughout Africa, we are hoping to do similar initiatives affecting thousands of youths who are the future of the continent,” said Megan.

Megan and various teen co-pilots are now set to chart a course across Africa to visit towns and cities in Namibia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Egypt, and a return trip that will include Uganda, Rwanda and Zambia.

Pupils assemble the Sling-4 aircraft, which they plan to fly from Cape Town to Cairo and back on an epic journey next month.

Voluntary support for logistical aspects of the flight is being provided by CFS, ExecuJet, Worldfuel and Mike Blyth, the founder of The Airplane Factory – the enterprise that designed and built the original Sling plane series.

Using specially modified, self-made drones, the challenge will be documented on video.

Six teenage pilots will take turns to fly the plane as the challenge moves from country to country.

These Are The 10 Skills Employers Are Looking For In African Youths


By Andrew Christian


According to the World Bank, youths account for 60 percent of the jobless in Africa. In North Africa, the unemployment rate is at 25 percent, with even larger numbers in countries such as the DRC, Senegal, South Africa, and Nigeria. There are about 200 million people between 15 and 24 in the continent, making it the largest population of young people in the world. In most African countries, youth unemployment occurs at steam twice stronger than that for adults, according to the AfDB, with young women feeling the sting of joblessness more than the male lot.

But African leaders are doing all they can to battle unemployment. In Senegal, 200,000 people join the labour market each year, which is the outcome of the program launched by President Macky Sall in February 2013 to create 30,000 jobs within a year and possibly, 300,000 by 2017. With financing from the African Development Bank, self-employment programs for youth and women are also ongoing in Senegal.

Africa’s unemployment statistics don’t include those in vulnerable employment and those who are underemployed in informal regards. Truth be told, most young Africans land jobs, but not in places that pay them well, help them develop their skills or provide a measure of job security – hence, underemployed. According to the Washington-based think tank Brookings Institution, under-employment isn’t a problem serious enough to warrant greater attention, since it masks the reality in countries that post low unemployment rates. In the DRC, Ghana, Mali, Rwanda, Uganda, Senegal, Mali, Malawi, and Ethiopia, more than 70 percent of the youths are either self-employed or contributing to family work.

The figures can be scary, and governments can be blamed for the situation. But what part do African youths have to play in landing the dream job? Of course, it’s more than just sitting at home and waiting for your president to sign agreements with international employers so you would have a six-figure salary. While there are many untapped opportunities in Africa, the professional social network.

LinkedIn has compiled a list of skills that have the most job-landing potential in 2019. Who better does it than the base of experts itself? Rather than stressing different problems – which as of now looks futile – we need to recognise that tech companies such as Facebook, Google, IBM, Apple, and others are on the lookout for SKILLS. If they weren’t, then they wouldn’t ask job seekers to not bank on their college degrees. Yes, to get a job in most of these companies today, you don’t need to have a degree. You need to have skill.

The guys at LinkedIn discovered that employers nowadays are on the lookout for workers with both soft and hard technical skills, and went on to match them with free LinkedIn Learning courses for potential candidates. So, they have taken it as a point of duty to help out in evening by getting to know the skills that make you a job magnet.

Five Most In-Demand Soft Skills Of 2019

1.Time Management

There’s a popular African cliche which says that time is money and that it waits for no man. Or is it African? Well, one thing’s for sure, employers want to hire people that know how well to manage their time, especially in their job areas. There is a cornucopia of books out there that teach you how to be effective with time. Meanwhile, here are free courses that LinkedIn want you to take.

2. Adaptability

Take it from me, employers don’t want to have to put up with persons who would complain about a new job months after they get hired. All job roles are not the same, and that pretty much tells you that you need to discipline your mind and body to adapt to the dream job situation you find yourself in. Nagging doesn’t help – at least not often. To get into a job environment in one thing; to fit into it is another.

3. Collaboration

It could be a wrong guess, but there is hardly any CV today that doesn’t have a section which says that the candidate is a team player. While this has become rather too monotonous, the moral lesson is that job seekers need to learn how to collaborate. Most employers don’t want you being a lone wolf or solitary worker who doesn’t give a heck what other employees think. In most work environments, it is all about teamwork.

4. Persuasion

This is not some Mother Confessor type of persuasion, neither does it have jack to do with hypnosis. The power of persuasion is truly a skill, one with which you convince who to do what at then and so. There are startups out there who have the best ideas but don’t have the ability to persuade investors to fund those ideas. Not only is this a critical job skill, but a must-have if you are ever going to make people see reasons with you in other life aspects.

5. Creativity

This isn’t meant to scare the barnacles out of you, but, very soon, robots will start doing your job. But in as much as these metal mashups can perform certain tasks better than humans, they cannot be as creative as. Take a look at all the great ideas making money all over the world. Aren’t they all from the stables of creative thinkers? Employers would rather hire creative talent than have to pay someone who would just follow directions.

Five Most In-Demand Hard Skills In 2019

1. UX Design

With websites launching from every nook and cranny, people are going to need UX designers to help create quality, spellbinding content that will put smiles on their customers’ faces. User Experience is not cakewalk nowadays, but thanks to the establishment of tech hubs and computer centres, these skills can be learned for free.

2. People Management

There are different kinds of people in this world, and when dealing with customers, employers would rather have a people person by their side. Why else did Bobby Axelrod hire a shrink for his stock trading company? By the way, that’s from the movie series Billions. People, when managed effectively, turn not just customers, but assets to a company. That’s why companies need people managers.

3. Analytical Reasoning

Analytical reasoning refers to the ability to look at information, be it qualitative or quantitative in nature, and discern patterns within the information. It involves deductive reasoning with no specialised knowledge, such as: comprehending the basic structure of a set of relationships; recognizing logically equivalent statements; and inferring what could be true or must be true from given facts and rules.

4. Artificial Intelligence

Need we say much? AI is unsurprisingly the number two on this list. If you have a knack for advanced science and skills to match your drive, then you are the hot cake companies are jousting in the arena for. Take a look at 27-year-old Silas Adekunle from Nigeria who is using his knowledge in robotics to land deals with Amazon and Apple, while selling his products MekaMon in Europe, Asia, Canada, and the UAE.

5. Cloud Computing

The most in-demand skill of 2019, cloud computing is the practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server or a personal computer. Knowledge of the way this works will most likely snag you a six-figure dollar monthly salary.


Source weetracker


Report: About 36m children in Ethiopia multi-dimensionally poor


By APA News


An estimated 36 million of a total population of 41 million children under the age of 18 in Ethiopia are multi-dimensionally poor, meaning they are deprived of basic goods and services in at least three dimensions, says a new report released Friday by the Central Statistical Agency and UNICEF.Titled “Multi-dimensional Child Deprivation in Ethiopia – First National Estimates,” the report studied child poverty in nine dimensions – development/stunting, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, and housing. Other dimensions included education, health related knowledge, and information and participation.

”We need to frequently measure the rates of child poverty as part of the general poverty measures and use different approaches for measuring poverty. This requires all stakeholders from government, international development partners and academic institutions to work together to measure, design policies and programes to reduce child poverty in Ethiopia,” said Mr Biratu Yigezu, Director General of Central Statistical Agency.

The report adapted the global Multi-Dimensional Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology and used information available from national data sets such as the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys of 2011 and 2016. MODA has been widely used by 32 countries in Africa to analyze child well-being. The methodology defines multi-dimensional child poverty as non-fulfilment of basic rights contained in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and concludes that a child is poor if he or she is deprived in three to six age-specific dimensions. The report’s findings have been validated through an extensive consultative process involving the Ministry of Women, Children and Youth, National Planning Commission, the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs together with the Economic Policy Research Institute, among others.

“Children in Ethiopia are more likely to experience poverty than adults, with distressing and lifelong effects which cannot easily be reversed,” said Gillian Mellsop, UNICEF Representative in Ethiopia. “Ethiopia’s future economic prosperity and social development, and its aspirations for middle income status, depend heavily on continued investments in children’s physical, cognitive and social development.”

The study finds that 88 per cent of children in Ethiopia under the age of 18 (36 million) lack access to basic services in at least three basic dimensions of the nine studied, with lack of access to housing and sanitation being the most acute. The study reveals that there are large geographical inequalities: 94 per cent children in rural areas are multi-dimensionally deprived compared to 42 per cent of children in urban areas. Across Ethiopia’s regions, rates of child poverty range from 18 per cent in Addis Ababa to 91 per cent in Afar, Amhara, and SNNPR. Poverty rates are equally high in Oromia and Somali (90 per cent each) and Benishangul-Gumuz (89 per cent).


Source journal du cameroun


Ethiopia: Contending Political Parties Vow to Bring Youth to Leadership Positions

Contending political parties revealed that they have been exerting efforts to bring the youth to the forefront in order to engage them in high level decision-making and leadership positions.

The contending political parties, two national and one regional, are Ethiopian Federal Democratic Unity Forum (Medrek) and Ethiopian National Movement as well as Arena Tigray Party.

In an exclusive interview with ENA, Medrek Chairman Million Tumato said his party is working hard to encourage the youth to actively take part in the leadership of the party.

Nurturing the youth to participate directly in strategizing and meeting the political goal of the party and leading the party is crucial, he noted.

Subsequent to the efforts Medrek has been making in this respect, a certain level of achievement has been registered, according to the chairman.

Million said, “The percentage of youth and women leaders in the party has reached 20 percent. There is of course serious effort to increase the leadership of the youth since almost 70 percent of the population of Ethiopia is youth.”

According to him, democracy and development are unthinkable without the involvement of the youth and women at high level.

The political wing of the youth in the party is created to develop the political leadership and participation of the youth in particular, he pointed out.

Ethiopian National Movement Chairman, Yilkal Getnet said consolidating the involvement of the youth in leadership helps the youth to contribute creatively and utilize their talent in building democracy.

The youth should, therefore, be encouraged to take leadership positions in political parties and contribute creatively to the process of building the parties and democracy at large, he stated.

“In our party we are mainly working to bring the youth and women to leadership positions. We have an internal regulation which focuses on bringing the youth and talented individuals to leadership,” Yilkal added.

He believes that the youth are farsighted and have special talent to achieve their dreams and translate their ideas into reality.

According to Yilkal, creating opportunities for the youth to take part in the political and decision-making processes is very crucial for countries like Ethiopia which aspire to build strong and democratic country.

Arena Tigray Party Chairman, Abraha Desta said young politicians are getting the chance to get involved in high level political decision of the party.

Although the regional party Arena Tigray was established by senior politicians, the leadership is now transferred to the youth, he added.

Abraha said, “We believe that the youth should lead with new political thinking because the political thinking of the 1960s cannot bring democracy and unity. Rather it sows seeds of skepticism, distrust and animosity between political parties. We must bring new political thinking that suits the youth.”


Source ena


How industries without smokestacks can address Africa’s youth unemployment crisis


By John Page


By some estimates, Africa’s working-age population will grow by approximately 450 million people—about 3 percent per annum—between 2015 and 2035. By 2050, Africa will have 362 million young people between the ages of 15 and 24 years old.1 Where will the region find the jobs for such a rapidly growing young population? In the past, the answer has been industry. Historically, industry has led to structural change—the movement of workers from lower to higher productivity employment. In East Asia, large numbers of workers leaving agriculture moved into manufacturing, driving growth, job creation, and poverty reduction.

In contrast, Africa has deindustrialized. Today, its share of global manufacturing is smaller than in 1980 and the share of manufacturing in GDP is less than half of the average for all developing countries. As a result, structural change in Africa looks very different from East Asia. In Africa, three-quarters of new entrants to the labor market will work in self-employment or in microenterprises. Some 20 percent will work for wages in the service sector, and only about 4 to 5 percent will find a wage-paying job in industry. If these trends continue, only about 100 million of the 450 million Africans expected to reach working age over the next two decades can hope to find decent work. The growing population of more educated and urbanized youth encountering few jobs is a crisis in the making.

Why has Africa failed to industrialize? First, the success of East Asia as a manufacturing center means that—unlike when that region broke into global markets—African industry faces a highly productive, relatively low wage competitor. Second, industry has declined as a share of output and employment at all levels of development over the past four decades, suggesting that Africa may not be able to rely on industry to lead structural change to the extent that it did in East Asia. Third, the growth of global value chains (GVCs) brings both opportunities and challenges. GVCs offer the opportunity to specialize in a limited set of tasks suited to a country’s capabilities, but they place a strong premium on trade logistics, an area in which Africa’s economies have not excelled. Finally, the share of natural capital in Africa’s aggregate wealth is the second-highest in the world, and resource-abundant economies face strong headwinds in industrializing.

The same forces that limit Africa’s opportunities in industry, however, are also creating a growing number of tradable services—such as tourism and remote office services—and agribusinesses— including horticulture—that share many characteristics with manufacturing, especially the capacity to create better jobs. Like manufacturing, they benefit from productivity growth, scale, and agglomeration economies. These “industries without smokestacks” are among Africa’s most dynamic sectors of economies. Information and communications technology (ICT) based services, tourism, and transport are outpacing the growth of manufacturing in many African countries. Between 1998 and 2015, Africa’s services exports grew more than six times faster than merchandise exports. Tourism alone accounts for at least 3 percent of sub-Saharan Africa’s GDP.

Between 2002 and 2015 exports of tradable services and agri-business increased as a share of non-mineral exports by an average of 58 percent. High value agricultural exports account for an increasing share of Africa’s overall exports, and Ethiopia, Ghana, Senegal, and South Africa have succeeded in breaking into GVCs in horticulture. Horticultural exports from Senegal to Europe have grown rapidly, averaging 20 percent per year. Kenya, Rwanda, Senegal, and South Africa have growing ICT-based services sectors, while transit trade is Tanzania’s second largest foreign exchange earner.

Research by Brookings and the United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research gives some, but not full, insight into the role industries without smokestacks can play in generating better jobs for Africans. That is largely because our statistics are not well adapted to the task. For example, the tourism sector is made up of several different industries including but not limited to accommodation, food and beverage, transportation, and culture, sports, and recreational services. Thus, while it is possible to track tourist arrivals, estimates of their direct and indirect effect on output and employment are necessarily imprecise. Similar considerations apply to agri-business, horticulture, and tradable services. Better statistics on these industries without smokestacks are a must.

Nevertheless, country-level data suggest that the employment impact of industries without smokestacks can be considerable. In South Africa, tourism creates 680,000 jobs, including 36 percent of jobs in the food and beverage industry. In Tanzania, tourism accounts for approximately 14 percent of GDP, and about 3.2 percent of total employment, and in Ethiopia, the travel and tourism sector contributes about 11.3 percent of GDP and 9.8 percent of employment. Horticulture generates jobs for rural laborers and unskilled or semi-skilled processing factory workers. Kenya’s cut flower industry employs between 40,000 and 70,000 workers, while in Ethiopia flower exports generate more than 180,000 jobs. In South Africa fruit packing alone employs about 300,000 workers.

Changing prospects for manufacturing and the growing relevance of industries without smokestacks may make us rethink the sources of structural change in Africa. The region’s resource endowments suggest that many of the region’s internationally competitive industries are likely to be industries without smokestacks. The good news is that because tradable services, agro-industry, and horticulture share many firm characteristics with manufacturing, policies designed to promote the growth of manufacturing—such as improving trade logistics, investing in infrastructure and skills, and promoting exports— apply equally to tradable services and agri-business. The key to solving the employment problem is to develop an effective strategy for structural change that spans industries with and without smokestacks. We set out some elements of that strategy in a new book, Industries Without Smokestacks: Industrialization in Africa Reconsidered (OUP, 2018), available on open access. While much of the discussion has focused on the supply side of the labor market in Africa, less emphasis has been given to the demand side. Promoting industries without smokestacks offers a complementary demand-side approach to address the continent’s jobs crisis.


Source Brookings


Norway Provides Finance For Adolescent, Youth Development In Ethiopia

By Newbusiness

The UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme aims at building the capacity of adolescents and youth aged 10-24 through the provision of quality information and services on sexual and reproductive health, HIV, gender-based violence and harmful practices.

It also seeks to strengthen key duty bearers including government bureaus and ministries, youth-run organizations, parents, and community members to respond more systematically and sustainably to the growing and unmet needs of vulnerable adolescents and youth in Ethiopia.

The programme is planned to be implemented over a period of four years in 20 selected woredas in Afar, Amhara, Gambella, Oromia, SNNP, and Tigray Regions as well as the Addis Ababa City Administration in Ethiopia, with the potential for scale-up country-wide.

During the grant signing ceremony, Merete Lundemo, Ambassador of the Royal Norwegian Embassy to Ethiopia, said “Investing in the realization of SRH rights means enabling women and girls plan their pregnancies, complete their education and participate in the labour market. This way they contribute to achieving other development goals, another reason to support those rights at a time when they are under pressure.”

This joint programme will be implemented in partnership with key sector ministries and regional bureaus – Education, Health, Labour and Social Affairs, and Women, Children and Youth– the Federal and Regional HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Offices, and civil society organizations.

The joint programme aims to improve the capacity of government and non-governmental institutions as well as youth-run organizations to fulfil the demand of adolescents and youths in the selected woredas and regions. It will also empower communities and parents to help ensure a protective and enabling environment which includes protecting them against genderbased violence, harmful practices and violation of their reproductive rights.

Bettina Maas, UNFPA Country Representative, said during the event “The programme will empower young girls and boys to be able to make informed decisions for themselves and their families through the provision of sexual and reproductive health information and services.”

“This partnership, in Phase III of the programme, will invest in the most at-risk adolescents and young people by providing them with the knowledge, skills, services and opportunities needed to make a successful transition to adulthood and ensure their active participation in the prevention of violence, HIV, child marriage, FGM, and the promotion of sexual and reproductive health.” said Gillian Mellsop, UNICEF Representative to Ethiopia.

In line with a rights-based programming approach and the ‘Leave No one behind’ agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals, disadvantaged adolescents and youth are recognized as key actors in their own development, actively utilizing sexual reproductive health and HIV/AIDS prevention and protection services rather than as passive recipients of information, skills, and services.

Building on the experiences gained from the previous phases of the programme, Phase III of the Joint Programme will support the strengthening of protection, welfare, education and health systems, maximising results and efficiencies for more effective and sustainable services for sexual and reproductive health, protection from HIV/AIDS, violence and harmful practices so that adolescents and youth can ultimately make safe and healthy decisions for themselves.

Source – Newbusinessethiopia

Kenya: Uhuru pushes for gender parity, youth involvement in AU reforms

By PSCU

Institutional reforms at the African Union (AU) will enhance its efficiency in meeting Africa’s needs and aspirations, President Uhuru Kenyatta has said.

The president said this on Saturday, noting the reforms process will enhance the capacity of African nations to face challenges and diversify their economies for increased resilience.

STRUCTURES

President Kenyatta spoke at the 11th Extraordinary Session of The Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union at the AU Headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The main focus of the summit is the AU reform process, which is aimed at making the body more efficient in the delivery of its mandate.

President Kenyatta noted Kenya’s support for the Executive Council’s recommendation for an eight-member commission comprising the chairperson, deputy chairperson and six commissioners.

He also said Kenya supports the establishment of a non-elected post of director-general, who will coordinate the work of non-elected members of the African Union Commission (AUC).

President Kenyatta further advised the AUC to ensure that as it goes on with the reforms, it guards against duplication of roles to improve overall coherence and efficiency in line with best practices.

“In order to have member states and regions on board, we welcome the intention to respect gender parity and inter and intra-regional rotation, and commend the leadership for the proposal to have a 35 percent threshold of youth in the selection process.”

The president underscored the importance of the full implementation of the new structures to drive the continental body to attain the “Africa we want” ambition as outlined in its Agenda 2063.

BLUE ECONOMY

Mr Kenyatta also noted that Kenya warmly welcomed the integration of the sustainable blue economy component in the new structure of the AU.

The move, he said, is in the right direction since the sector has immense untapped potential to contribute to Africa’s transformation and growth.

Kenya is spearheading a new global focus on the blue economy and is set to host an inaugural Sustainable Blue Economy Conference later this month.

“It is in this regard, that I once again invite you to the High Level Sustainable Blue Economy Conference to be held in Nairobi from November 26 to 28, a forum that will afford us an excellent opportunity to engage further on this important topic,” said the president.

NEW PRESIDENT

President Kenyatta congratulated his Rwandan counterpart Paul Kagame, the outgoing AU chairperson, “for his steadfast and able stewardship” of the reforms process.

He also congratulated Ethiopia for the historic election of the first female president in the country, H.E. Sahle-Work Zewde.

Mr Kenyatta had lunch with Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and later visited President Zewde.

He congratulated her on the election and pledged the country’s support.

While inviting President Zewde to visit Kenya soon, he promised to lead a trade delegation to Ethiopia next year to explore avenues for deepening trade ties.

The Ethiopian President thanked President Kenyatta for Kenya’s outstanding leadership role in the region, especially in economic, social integration, peace and security matters.

She said she acquired valuable leadership lessons during her past interactions with President Kenyatta and pledged to work more closely with him that she did while serving the United Nations in Nairobi.

She sent greetings to First Lady Margaret Kenyatta, whom she described as a close friend and a big inspiration to women leaders in Africa.

TRADE TIES

President Kenyatta and Mr Ahmed spoke about the need to enhance trade ties between Kenya and Ethiopia, and agreed to explore joint ventures especially in the establishment and operation of special economic zones.

They also discussed regional security and the need to make border areas safe for business.

The president applauded the PM for his strong support for women leaders, as seen through the election of Ms Zewde, and the recent Cabinet reshuffle that saw more women earn ministerial appointments.

Mr Ahmed told President Kenyatta that Ethiopia is committed to achieving a united and prosperous continent.

He said that under his leadership, Ethiopia will lead the push for African unity and progress.

Source – Daily Nation

African governments should make long-term investments in children, youth

The rapidly increasing of children and youth population in Africa poses a great challenge, which could otherwise be an opportunity if well harnessed, a new report revealed.

The African Report on Child Wellbeing 2018: Progress in the Child-Friendliness of African Governments, which was published in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa on Friday, warned that Africa could be home to a billion angry, under-fed, under-educated and under-employed children and young people by 2050.

The report also urges African governments to commit themselves to massive long-term investment in nutrition, health and education of their children and young people so as to avert the danger.

Noting the challenges rising from the population boom in the continent, the report indicates that Africa is sitting “on a demographic time bomb.”

“Without massive long-term investment in nutrition, healthcare, education and employment, the growing child and youth population could become a huge burden, exacerbating poverty, inequality, unemployment and instability and creating a serious human development crisis,” it showed.

Assefa Bequele, Executive Director of the African Child Policy Forum (ACPF), which compiled the report, said that Africa can choose to reap the demographic dividend, nurture its human capital and accelerate sustainable and equitable development.

“Children have the potential to transform Africa – but if neglected, they will exacerbate the burden of poverty and inequality, whilst posing a serious threat to peace, security and prosperity,” Bequele said.

According to ACPF, close to half of all deaths in under-fives in Africa are associated with under-nutrition, while African children may attend school in large numbers, but they are not learning. Two in every five children leave primary school without learning how to read, write or do simple arithmetic.

The report was compiled based on the Child-Friendliness Index (CFI), which ranks 52 African nations on progress towards realizing the rights and wellbeing of children.

The CFI rates countries including Tunisia, South Africa, Egypt and Namibia as the most child-friendly African countries.

While South Sudan, Cameroon, Zambia, Liberia and Eritrea were among the least child-friendly countries.

The ranking was made based on a range of indicators including nutrition, education, budgets and social protection, it was indicated.

Source: Xinhua

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