South Sudan youth target Kiir ouster in mass protests


A man carries the South Sudan flag at Magateen Internal Displaced Persons (IDPs) centre during the visit of the country’s vice president in Juba on November 17, 2018. South Sudan youth led by South Sudanese for Change are mobilising for nationwide protests starting May 15, 2019 to unseat President Salva Kiir.

Emboldened by sustained mass protests that ousted long serving presidents Abdelaziz Bouteflika of Algeria and Omar al-Bashir of Sudan, South Sudan youth plan similar action in Juba next week with the stated aim of unseating President Salva Kiir.

In a mobilisation that is gathering pace on social media the youths plan to turn out in Juba on May 15 and 16 to launch nationwide protests against the government which they accuse of failing to restore permanent peace and stability in the war-torn state.

They also accuse the state of killing activists, journalists and civilians deemed critical of the government.

Other grievances include corruption, poor governance and gross human rights violations committed by government soldiers and rebels during the war.

Responding to the threats South Sudan Information Minister on Tuesday Mr. Michael Makuei Lueth warned that any protests in the city will be resisted by the government.

He said the agitation by the youth was part of a plot by foreign instigators who he did not name to depose President Kiir’s government.

“Let the youth not copy what is happening in other countries,” said Mr Makuei before poignantly adding: If they are ready to die we will see,”

He said there were companies and organizations, including embassies of foreign countries, who were giving the youth money to protest “like what happened in Sudan.”

“We have an idea about this and we know who they are. If people return to war, they (youth) will die. So, we don’t want them (youth) to die again,” Mr. Makuei told the press in Juba.
Messages spread on social media from Monday with activists calling for all youths in the country to stand up for their rights and those of South Sudanese people.

The mobilisation is led by a group calling itself the South Sudanese for Change.

The calls for protests came after South Sudan arch-rivals President Kiir and former vice president Riek Machar agreed to delay the formation of a unity government by six months to November.

The outrage grew after a UN Panel of Experts reported two prominent South Sudan activists Mr. Dong Samuel Luak, a human rights lawyer and opposition politician Aggrey Izbon Idri were killed in January 2017 after they were abducted in Nairobi, Kenya.

Intelligence sources later told Africa Review that the activists bodies were dumped in Achwa River. The UN team blamed the National Security Service (NSS) for the killings.

The incident has attracted fierce condemnation from human rights groups locally and abroad while the international has urged President Kiir to end impunity in South Sudan.

That is not to say such groups and the international community would back the youths in their protest.

The world appears increasingly focused on finding lasting piece in the country by reconciling President Kiir and Dr Machar, who also condemned the activists killings.
The Special Representative of the UN secretary general in South Sudan David Shearer said the two rivals should meet regularly to earnestly supervise the implementation of the pre-transitional issues within the extended six months.

The United Nations (UN) has suggested a regular meeting between South Sudan arch-rivals (President Salva Kiir and former rebel leader Dr Riek Machar) to salvage and show hope of assurances to South Sudanese people on the sustainability of peace.

The Special Representative of the UN Secretary General in South Sudan Mr. David Shearer said the two leaders should earnestly supervise the implementation of the pre-transitional issues within the extended six months period by holding regular meetings.

“There is need to have regular meetings between President Kiir and Riek Machar to review the progress. That will build trust and confidence and extend a signal to South Sudanese that the agreement is on track,” he said in a statement.

He said the unanimous agreement on the delay was “a sign of goodwill between the parties to end the suffering of their people.” he added.

Insight: Picturing the dreams of South Sudan’s new generation

By The Washington Post

Last fall, The Washington Post partnered with Visura in an open call for submissions of photo essays. The Post selected five winners and three honorable mentions out of almost 300 submissions. We are presenting one of the honorable mentions today here on In Sight: Esther Ruth Mbabazi and her work “This Time We Are Young.”

At the heart of Esther Ruth Mbabazi’s work is a desire to combat the usual tropes she has seen used in the coverage of her native Uganda and in Africa as a whole. “Many of the images out in the western media about Africa are not representing a fair amount of the reality of daily life here,” she told In Sight. Coupled with her desire to show her peers — the young ones who are growing up on a continent that, she said, remains stubbornly inhospitable to her rising generation — Mbabazi started “This Time We Are Young,” a long-term project that explores what it means to be young in Africa today.

“This project is a way of both collaborating with my peers and exploring my own reality of growing up in Africa — our hopes, our challenges, our future,” she said. “After all, we will be the ones to define the next chapter of this continent’s story.”

In South Sudan, which Mbabazi reported on with a fellowship with the International Women’s Media Foundation, the photographer sought to show how “young people manage to stay sane amidst all the insecurities found around them,” she said. “Many of these youths have been born in conflict, they have grown up amidst conflict, they have lost a lot, and it’s what life is made up of for them.”

Her images show young men learning karate, boxing or break-dancing. They show moments of happiness and normalcy, like a graduation ceremony at an aviation school or a dancer rehearsing before a performance. They portray aspiring rappers or medical students going about their day. “Life is happening as just about anywhere else in the world,” Mbabazi told In Sight. The tension of war exists, and it shapes people, she said, but it doesn’t define them.

Mbabazi has so far photographed youth in Uganda, Kenya and South Sudan. She plans to expand the work to western, northern and southern Africa in the coming months, but first she wants to look at the young Africans who have emigrated to Europe. “How are they integrating in societies and cultures new to them? The relationships they’ve formed, the fun, the solitude, the success, challenges and sense of responsibility for the people back home,” she said.

With this chapter, she hopes to address the misconceptions young people in her country often have about the ones who made it to Europe. “I’ve personally had conversations with youths who believe that if one went to a European country or to North America, even if for a week, they’ll return home rich.” That’s another stereotype Mbabazi will challenge this year.

Source TWP

South Sudan’s Lafon youth condemn killings of civilians by Pari community

Press Statement on the Fighting between Pari/ Pacidi and Lotuko/Lokiri

Release by The Lafon County Youth Union:

We, the Lafon County Youth Union hereby condemn the atrocities and the killings of innocent people from the Pari community on the 24/3/2019 at Lokiri, Imatong state.

We write this press statement to the Imotong State and the government of South Sudan reminding them that the Pari community is known for their contribution towards the SPLAM movement. In our thinking, we believe that the wolf who comes and eats our men comes from outside, we never thought that the wolf would come from within. As we mourn for our loved ones, we ask the justice to prevail. We call upon the Government of Imotong State to launch an immediate investigation into the root causes of the fight with a view bring the criminals to book. We would like to say that claims reported in media that the Pari community were the ones who started the fight was untrue. It is the Lokiri side which started the fight and not Pari community.

On 23rd March, 2019 the State governor ordered two commissioners from Torit and Lafon counties to go and solve the problems between two communities of Pacidi and Lokiri. These two commissioners were to address the looming and growing tensions there. They both complained that they were not prepared and had no fuel for their cars but the governor said he would fuel the two vehicles. From the beginning, no-one understood the complexity behind the initiative and order given to those two commissioners. It sounded good at the time but the result was so very sour.

The fact is that many lives were lost. Twenty people from the Pari community were killed and eight wounded while only two of the attackers (Lotuko from Torit County) and one chief from Lohila lost their lives. The Torit commissioner said that the Pari started the fight but what was their motive? Why would our innocent community be killed in the name of Peace dialogue? We need to clarify the causes. Many things must have happened before the actual confrontation. The Pari people are always ready for dialogue as the way to solve problems and that would have been the best tool to use to avoid conflict.

There have been several occasions of provocation against the Pari people. Recently, some young girls walking from Torit to Pacidi were ambushed when they reached Lokiri. They were beaten up and their luggage were taken by force. On another occasion, some goats were stolen and some youths were attacked as they were going to cut makuti /Kani for thatching roofs. These incidences were perpetuated by Lokiri youths and men.

We would like to inform the public and the government that Pari were trapped by Lokiri people in the name of peace dialogue. The fight which broke out on Sunday 24th March 2019 was planned by all the Lotuko kingdoms including Torit County. We would also like to mention and condemn the involvement of Gen.Thomas Chirilo’s Army officers in the community conflict. When the fight broke out, some soldiers from NAS who happened to be from Lotuko joined the fight against the Pari community. These were the senior officers from National Salvation front (NAS), who were involved, namely Brigadier Gen. SEBINO Celio Thiobolo, Lt col. ERANSE OKER, Col. Jacob Ohisa. This clearly indicates how maliciously it was planned against the Pari people. The involvement of others from the Lotuko, Loronyo, Orieju, Ongalith and Lokiri villages of Torit County testify to the earlier preparation and mobilization.

The Torit County commissioner was aware of this that is why he gave false information. The rebel groups in Torit County in coordination with their counterparts in the government, they took advantage to clean up other ethnic communities, in particular, the Pari people, yet the government at the state level is busy conducting peace rallies while people are being massacred. What sort of peace rallies are people talking about in Torit?

The Pari people need to know that they are now vulnerable because the state government and the rebel groups and Lotuko of Torit County, particularly the NAS groups who have their base in Loronyo, Torit County, in Eastern Equatoria State have mobilized the Lotuko villages to gang up against them. It shows how our government responds to such attacks when soldiers were sent twice to the scene from Torit and ended up taking sides. They did not reach Pacidi to hear from people on the ground. It was unrealistic for the state government to be satisfied with only one side of the report which came from the Torit commissioners who were using the media throughout. In other words, the whole thing was planned.

We therefore strongly urge the Torit Commissioner to withdraw his false statement and the lies he had spread against the Pari people. The state and national governments should strongly question the Torit county commissioner about his collusion with the parties mentioned above. The state government must be clear on this. The South Sudan Vice President James Wani was in Torit during that time should and should have nullified the first report given to him by Imotong state government because it was a one-sided report. The National Government should also question the Imotong state government as to why the Lotuko mobilized themselves with the rebel groups(NAS) based in their villages against one community. Indeed, why did the governor give orders to the Lafon County commissioner? What did he know about it? Will the people of Pari ever accept such a peace dialogue again in such a manner? It is unfair and unacceptable. We, the Lafon Youth, condemn it in the strongest possible terms.

The Chairperson of Lafon County Youth Union

Paul Ukach Nyibuch

Source Sudan Tribune

Australia Day Honours: The refugee lawyer empowering African youth

A South Sudanese refugee – who arrived in Australia as an unaccompanied minor – has risen to become a local hero, and a respected leader in Australia’s African communities.


When Elijah Buol arrived in Australia from South Sudan, with no parents and almost no belongings, the most important thing he carried with him was a desire to change his life.

It’s a goal he has more than fulfilled – not only has he changed his own life, but now he’s changing the lives of many disadvantaged young people.

“Sixteen-years-ago, I came with nothing, only hope. For me now to get an award like this, it’s a testimony that when you have hope and an opportunity, you can achieve and flourish,” he told SBS News.

The 33-year-old is one of the 755 Australians who received a Medal of the Order of Australia (OAM) on Australia Day.

He was also announced as the Queensland Local Hero of the Year.

“The opportunity is there for those who dream… these awards confirm that Australia is great, and if you put your mind to something you can do it,” he said.

The Second Sudanese Civil War lasted from 1983 to 2005 – and was one of the longest civil wars in history, leaving more than two million people died from combat and associated disease and famine.

Among the victims was Mr Buol’s mother, who died when he was six. Her body was never found.

His father died five years later.

Displaced at the age of nine and living in a refugee camp, Mr Buol excelled academically, and earned a United Nations scholarship to live and study at a boarding school in Uganda.

When he was granted a humanitarian visa in 2002, the then-17-year-old enrolled in Coorparoo Secondary College, a school close to the Brisbane CBD.

“While I was in Africa, I was already an orphan. There were seven of us unaccompanied boys, and we all lived together,” Mr Buol said.

“It was shocking to arrive in a place with no family to support me. It was challenging but when you are challenged, you learn from those experiences, and that allowed me to settle successfully.”

Although many years have passed since then, Mr Buol said he will never forget the support his teachers gave him – which helped him become the person he is today.

“I told one of my teachers that I was struggling with English, so every morning before class started, I would go there at 7am and she would help me, not just with English, but to build my confidence,” he said.

“When you are challenged, you need to embrace the support that is there. Learning is about sharing.”

Mr Buol made the most of the educational opportunities around him – his qualifications include a Master of Law, Master of Justice in Intelligence, a Bachelor of Human Services.

During his studies, he worked and sent money back to his sisters – he had been separated from them as a child, and only managed to track them down in 1992.

“I went back in 2012, and it was emotional to be there. They didn’t even recognise me, but going back gave me closure,” he said.

Mr Buol believes his personal experiences have allowed him to understand the experiences of disadvantaged youth – and support from his wife, who he married in 2007, has provided him with the means to balance so many projects.

“When you have a passion, time finds itself, but I have a wonderful wife who supports me and helps me achieve these things,” Mr Buol said.

“When you know that you have support, anything is possible.”

He has mentored many young African migrants and refugees and established community initiatives to celebrate the work of disadvantaged youth who are bettering their communities.

One of his key achievements was helping to remove under 18s from Queensland’s prisons.

He served as the President of the Queensland African Communities Council, and the Sudanese Youth Association – but regardless of whichever title he held, his focus was always the same: to ensure African youth felt settled and empowered in Australia.

“If young people are not engaged, they lose track of what they are doing,” he said.

“When we empower disadvantaged youth, we create a better tomorrow.”

But Mr Buol believes fear mongering about so-called Sudanese gangs, particularly in Melbourne, is making the task of empowering young people more complex.

“When we link the crime of individuals to a community, that generalisation takes us away from discussing real issues,” he said.

“When we racialise it, we blend all these communities as ‘bad’, instead of having a meaningful conversation.”

When Mr Buol became a father of four, the task of empowering young people from diverse backgrounds became even more important – and even more personal.

“I don’t want my children to be treated as others. My dream is that my four children don’t have to fight to be seen as Australian, or to find a sense of belonging,” he said.