Ethiopia Focuses On Irrigation, Tourism To Cut Unemployment

To address the serious challenge of unemployment, Ethiopia government will focus of the development of irrigation and tourism, says Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed.

He made the remark this morning speaking to the members of parliament in the capital, Addis Ababa. The premier stated that the jobs the country is creating every year is around one million, while the population of the country is increasing by two and half million annually.

“…that is why we are focusing on the tourism sector development ad irrigation,” he said. Prime Minister Abiy noted that around 40% of the youth I the rural areas is also disguised unemployed as three four individuals are sharing the job one person was supposed to do.

In an attempt to help the youth create jobs, the 10 billion birr (around $355 million at current exchange rate) revolving fund, Ethiopian government allocated a few years has also been misused, according to Prime Minister Abiy.

“The fund was not an award,“ he said, indicating that the fund was supposed to revolve creating jobs and reduce unemployment. Meanwhile only 1% of the fund is now at hand, according to the premier.

Launched following the mass illegal migration of Ethiopians through risky routes, the revolving fund was distributed to all regional states of Ethiopia to help the unemployed youth.

Prime Minister Abiy further stated that even though it is not possible for any country to make unemployment zero, involving the private sector and supporting startups will be among the priorities of his administration in the coming years.

In Ethiopia it is estimated that agriculture sector contributes to over 75% of the jobs directly or indirectly. Though it is estimated that the country has irrigation potential of 2.7 million hectares, reports show that it has only utilized a fraction of that figure. On the contrary, the country imports wheat spending hundreds of millions of dollars.

Prime Minister Abiy stressed that modernizing agriculture and focusing on irrigation is the solution to tackle unemployment and trade deficit.

As a result, the country has not been able to feed its growing umber of population estimated to double and reach 200 million in 30 years. It is still dependent on foreign food aid to feed several millions who can’t produce enough to feed themselves.

Likewise, reports also show that the east African country with abundant historic ad natural tourist attractions has not been able to fully utilize its tourism potentials as compared to the Gulf destinations such as, Dubai, which turned desert into global tourist destinations.

Source nbe


Report: Unemployment levels rising among Botswana youth

About 25 percent of the youth in Botswana are yet to find employment, according to data released by Statistics Botswana on Wednesday.The statistics, which covered the years 2017-2018, show that unemployment has risen as compared to 2015-2016 when it was pegged at around 20 percent.

The report noted that those who are categorised as youth are aged between the ages of 15 and 35.

The Botswana Multi Topic Household Survey also revealed that the most affected age group are those between 18 and 19 years as well as 20 and 24 years, whose unemployment figures were pegged at 48.1 percent and 37.3 percent, respectively.

It states that by education level, those who only completed Junior Certificate are the mostly affected by this predicament, constituting 42 percent of the total unemployed youth.

Source journal du cameroun

Ghana: Urgent Action On Youth Unemployment To Launch

Pressure group, Dynamic Youth Movement of Ghana (DYMOG) will in the coming days launch a project aimed at combating the the growing increase in unemployment amongst the youth.

The group which has embarked on rigirous anti corruption projects is now setting it’s radar on Youth Unemployment.

The campaign dubbed “Urgent Action on Youth Unemployed” will be launched on Monday 28th January at the University of Ghana.

The “Urgent Action On Youth Unemployment Campaign” seeks to create awareness about the alarming rate of Youth Unemployment and the need for immediate measures to be insituted to avert this issue which poses a threat to our National Security .

The Launch is set to bring together major stakeholders like Political Parties, TUC, Association of Ghana Industries, Academia and Student Leaders.

According to the group, the growing number of unemployed youth in the country poses a threat to the country’s development hence the need for such a dialogue between stakeholders.

The group which has been in existence since January 2017 has contributed immensely to the national discourse on issues bothering the youth.

Source Modern Ghana

Youth entrepreneurship key to job creation in South Africa – Pandor

By Charles Molele

Higher Education Minister Naledi Pandor says her department will support President Cyril Ramaphosa’s bold plan to create 257 000 job per annum by promoting entrepreneurship in the post-school sector.

According to Statistics SA, South Africa’s unemployment rate is high for both youth and adults; however, the unemployment rate among young people aged 15–34 was 38,2%. This means that more than one in every three young people in the labour force did not have a job in the first quarter of 2018

In an interview with Inside Education this week, Pandor pointed out that small business development was one of the critical solutions to job creation and has vowed to raise the matter with the president during the upcoming cabinet Lekgotla – a meeting of cabinet ministers, provincial Premiers, and directors-general, takes place annually to prepare for the State of the Nation Address in February.

The Banking Association of South Africa (BASA) shows has identified SMEs as productive drivers of inclusive economic growth and development in South Africa and around the world.

The association reports that some researchers have estimated that in South Africa, small and medium-sized enterprises make up 91% of formalised businesses and provide employment to about 60% of the labour force.

BASA also states that SMEs’ total economic output accounts for roughly 34% of GDP.

“While contributing significantly to the economy, SMEs foster diversification through their development of new and unsaturated sectors of the economy. In addition, innovative and technology-based small and medium enterprises can provide a platform for local, regional and international growth,” reads a BASA report on SMEs.

This is why the minister of higher education has focused some of her attention on bringing together new graduates with small businesses.

“We have a number of initiatives such as learnerships to support SMMEs and to create jobs among the youth. The setas investments and learnership should be a significant
contribution to job creation.

“But also, we are working and talking to not-for-profit organisations that are involved in skills development. You have organisations like Harambee for example. We are looking at what form of partnership they could have with us as government.

“At the moment they [Harambee] works largely with the private sector. They don’t work with are institutions necessarily. They receive some funding from the setas. But it is not an organised contractual partnership between my department and them.

“In order to reach the president’s objectives, I need organisations like Harambee to work so much closely with the colleges,” said Pandor.

She said more jobs for young people could be created in South Africa if the government implemented its commitment to direct 30% of its procurement spend to small businesses.

“We have very enterprising young people. I meet them all the time. If government can act on its decision that it will procure from small and medium entrepreneurs, we will
create lots of jobs for young people.

“If I have invented radio or computer or tablet and government decide every child at school will have a tablet and decide they will procure from small entrepreneurs, that entrepreneur is set for life and will employ many more young people,” said Pandor.

As a department, we will raise the matter with the president at the Lekgotla to say let us support entrepreneurs to create jobs because there are many innovative young people, said Pandor.

She added that the idea that says government needed to create the bulk of the jobs for the unemployed youth needs to shift.

“We must create entrepreneurs so that they can be the ones to create jobs. We sure can support innovative and inventive young people. The SETA investments and learnerships should make significant contribution [to job creation],” she said.

Pandor added that her department has established a number of partnerships or collaborations with the private sector to promote entrepreneurship among the youth. This was in response to the president’s call to grow the economy and create more jobs in the country.

Pandor told Inside Education her department already kick-started a pilot project that will see 36 colleges paired with businesses across South Africa to benefit about 845 undergraduates.

13 trades were targeted for this project, including: mechanical fitter, boilermaker, electrician, millwright, bricklayer, plumber, automotive mechanics, diesel mechanic, carpenter and joiner, welder, rigger, fitter and turner, and pipe fitter – all of which have been identified as key trades that meet the demand for the country’s skills.

“I’m especially excited about the [establishment] of centres of specialisation where students going to undertake the 13 programmes have apprenticeship contracts.

“For the first time, we have 845 young people coming into these 36 colleges with 13 trades and they already have a link with business. They know they will do their theory at college level and part of their studies will be in the business to which they are apprentices.

We’re starting it as a pilot [project] and should it succeed, I want it expanded,” said Pandor.

Pandor also spoke of the establishment of the Entrepreneurship Development Programme in Higher Education Programme with the University of Johannesburg (UJ). The programme focuses on entrepreneurial students, entrepreneurship in academia which includes curricula and staff capability and entrepreneurial universities. The programme also aims to bring all partners, including TVET colleges, FET colleges and SETAs.

At a recent roundtable with business leaders, Pandor said these programmes were critical to ensure the employability of graduates.

“Universities South Africa has agreed to host the programme at their offices in Pretoria, Gauteng Province. Processes are currently underway to set up a permanent office that
will coordinate activities across the system.

“I am inspired by the success of young entrepreneurs and innovators. Especially those who have taken advantage of the booming tourism, the booming mobile industry, the growing market in renewable energy and the evolving market in cultural and creative industries. It is our local innovators and entrepreneurs who will ultimately create the millions of jobs that we need to grow an inclusive economy.”

Source Inside Educational

South Africa organisations join hands to up-skill unemployed youth

The Artisan Training Institute (ATI) and the South African Capital Equipment Export Council (SACEEC) have secured a partnership that cements their mutual goal of fighting unemployment in South Africa.

This month, the two organisations signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that would see them working closely together on overlapping issues, of which the most pressing is equipping South Africa’s unemployed youth with job-ready skills.

ATI is one of the biggest private engineering training providers in South Africa, while SACEEC has established itself as a major export council in the SADC region, promoting the exports of South African capital equipment, machinery, general engineering and agriculture equipment.

The Council has exported to 87 countries globally, from Patagonia to Mongolia and New Zealand to Alaska.

“The partnership with ATI is a strategic fit for SACEEC,” says Eric Bruggeman, its MD. “The growth of South Africa’s export market is intrinsically linked with the availability of South African skills to grow local manufacturing.”

SACEEC has embarked on an aggressive localisation drive, partly through its collaboration with the Gauteng Growth & Development Agency. In this capacity, the Council visits South African municipalities, supports them to buy locally-produced engineering equipment, and finds South African alternatives to global brands.

“We believe that amongst the municipalities alone, there is approximately R3 billion per year in capital equipment that could be supplied from South Africa. If you translate this figure to job creation, it is significant,” says Hugh Saunders, chief financial officer of SACEEC.

“For every R1 million South Africa spends locally, we create up to 10 jobs. R3 billion therefore equates to roughly 30,000 jobs per year,” Saunders continues.

To enable local uptake in South African capital equipment and other products, municipalities require a surge in the availability of engineering skills.

This is where SACEEC’s partnership with ATI is critical. The Institute trains on average 1 200 artisans per year, aiming to grow its output of skilled artisans through on-going engagement with industry, donors and government.

Through the MoU between the two parties, SACEEC will address its member organisations’ skills needs by matching it with ATI’s service offering. SACEEC will be sending over 30 learner artisans to ATI’s Roodepoort campus over the next eight to 12 months.

SACEEC visited ATI’s campus on 5 November to explore the details of the partnership. During the visit, Bruggeman said he has been impressed with ATI’s training facilities and staffing. “I’ve been to all the training centres on the East Rand and none of them compare to what we saw today,” he said during the meeting.

As an export Council, capital equipment exhibitions form an integral part of SACEEC’s strategy to grow local manufacturers’ business footprints. Currently, it participates in over 30 trade shows per year.

One of the newest in its arsenal of tradeshows is the inaugural Local Southern African Manufacturing Expo (LME), set to take place from 21-23 May 2019 at Nasrec in Johannesburg. The exhibition is endorsed by David Makhura, the Premier of Gauteng and organised by SACEEC in partnership with Specialised Exhibitions Montgomery.

“The expo will be the first exhibition to showcase locally-manufactured equipment only to the international and local community. We have already secured the participation of 35 countries,” says Bruggeman.

According to Sean Jones, MD of ATI, the show presents an excellent opportunity to expose the market to the high standard of engineering equipment, services and skills Southern Africa has to offer.

ATI will be participating at LME, in partnership with SACEEC, by displaying its full technical skills offering in an interactive workshop setting. Skills such as fitting and turning, fabrication, welding, boilermaking, electrical & instrumentation skills, and pneumatics, hydraulics & electro-pneumatics will be exhibited.

A similar approach between the two organisations was followed at the Electra Mining Africa tradeshow that took place at Nasrec in September. For the first time in Electra’s 46-year history, the show dedicated the five-day event to specific themes, of which the first day focussed solely on skills development.

A section of the Nasrec centre was earmarked as a skills development centre, run by SACEEC in partnership with ATI. It comprised a fully functional workshop where learners demonstrated the technical skills they learnt at ATI.

According to Gerhardt van der Merwe, ATI’s marketing and sales manager, the intention of the exhibition was to demonstrate the different training options available to the mining and construction industry and encourage youngsters to consider artisan training as an exciting career development opportunity.

Future trade exhibitions in partnership with SACEEC and Specialised Exhibitions will include similar skills development areas and promotion strategies.

“ATI is excited to be associated with a trade council of SACEEC’s calibre,” says Jones. “A focus on local manufacturing, coupled with skills development, are key ingredients to reignite South Africa’s struggling economy.”

Source – Mining Review Africa

South Africa: New platform to combats youth unemployment

By Mel Muller

An alarming number of graduates are struggling to enter the job market. According to Statistics SA, South Africa’s unemployment rate among people between 15 and 34 was a staggering 52.8 percent in the third quarter of 2018.

In an attempt to tackle youth unemployment and bridge the gap between the youth and industry, a new digital platform called Trusted Interns has been launched.

The purpose of the initiative is to uplift and transition the community and allow youngsters to gain valuable on-the-job training while being paid. Trusted Interns founder Jaryd Raizon says youth unemployment in South Africa is reaching epidemic proportions and that we all need to work together to solve this problem as a matter of urgency. He further states that one of the most significant pain points in running a business has always been talent. It’s not just about finding the right people, but keeping, growing and empowering them.

Raizon says companies are not actively investing in the long term by hiring and educating the youth, but they are allocating their budgets towards “experienced individuals”, which is further perpetuating the unemployment problem. To contribute to solving it, Raizon launched to assist the youth in obtaining the valuable experience and training required for them to progress and contribute to society. The platform is easy to use at affordable rates to organisations, and the funds generated are reinvested into the development and roll-out of other career progression offerings such as job preparation workshops, mentorship programmes and bursary schemes for the youth. Raizon says the portal is not built to be a moneymaker, but rather to contribute to the upliftment and transformation of South Africa at scale.

The platform allows for employers looking for paid interns to post available internships within their organisation online. First-time job seekers are able to engage with organisations and apply for entry-level opportunities by creating a comprehensive online profile and showcasing their education, skill sets and portfolio. An in-journey “instruction” message, as well as a chatbot, has been implemented to assist students during the registration process. Job-seekers can view a list of available internships, company details, salaries on offer, images of the office environment, a description of the company culture as well as the structure of the team. Raizon says the reaction to the initiative has been incredibly positive, not only from graduates and organisations but the community as a whole.

He says with the support of the community, the right team and right tech Trusted Interns will be scalable and sustainable and, although it is still in the beta stage, beta clients are hiring through the initiative. Raizon is confident that the platform can contribute significantly to solving the issues of youth unemployment. The platform can be found at More than 15 companies are currently engaging and hiring through the portal.

Source – Independent Online