Ethiopia Focuses On Irrigation, Tourism To Cut Unemployment

To address the serious challenge of unemployment, Ethiopia government will focus of the development of irrigation and tourism, says Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed.

He made the remark this morning speaking to the members of parliament in the capital, Addis Ababa. The premier stated that the jobs the country is creating every year is around one million, while the population of the country is increasing by two and half million annually.

“…that is why we are focusing on the tourism sector development ad irrigation,” he said. Prime Minister Abiy noted that around 40% of the youth I the rural areas is also disguised unemployed as three four individuals are sharing the job one person was supposed to do.

In an attempt to help the youth create jobs, the 10 billion birr (around $355 million at current exchange rate) revolving fund, Ethiopian government allocated a few years has also been misused, according to Prime Minister Abiy.

“The fund was not an award,“ he said, indicating that the fund was supposed to revolve creating jobs and reduce unemployment. Meanwhile only 1% of the fund is now at hand, according to the premier.

Launched following the mass illegal migration of Ethiopians through risky routes, the revolving fund was distributed to all regional states of Ethiopia to help the unemployed youth.

Prime Minister Abiy further stated that even though it is not possible for any country to make unemployment zero, involving the private sector and supporting startups will be among the priorities of his administration in the coming years.

In Ethiopia it is estimated that agriculture sector contributes to over 75% of the jobs directly or indirectly. Though it is estimated that the country has irrigation potential of 2.7 million hectares, reports show that it has only utilized a fraction of that figure. On the contrary, the country imports wheat spending hundreds of millions of dollars.

Prime Minister Abiy stressed that modernizing agriculture and focusing on irrigation is the solution to tackle unemployment and trade deficit.

As a result, the country has not been able to feed its growing umber of population estimated to double and reach 200 million in 30 years. It is still dependent on foreign food aid to feed several millions who can’t produce enough to feed themselves.

Likewise, reports also show that the east African country with abundant historic ad natural tourist attractions has not been able to fully utilize its tourism potentials as compared to the Gulf destinations such as, Dubai, which turned desert into global tourist destinations.

Source nbe

Report: Unemployment levels rising among Botswana youth

About 25 percent of the youth in Botswana are yet to find employment, according to data released by Statistics Botswana on Wednesday.The statistics, which covered the years 2017-2018, show that unemployment has risen as compared to 2015-2016 when it was pegged at around 20 percent.

The report noted that those who are categorised as youth are aged between the ages of 15 and 35.

The Botswana Multi Topic Household Survey also revealed that the most affected age group are those between 18 and 19 years as well as 20 and 24 years, whose unemployment figures were pegged at 48.1 percent and 37.3 percent, respectively.

It states that by education level, those who only completed Junior Certificate are the mostly affected by this predicament, constituting 42 percent of the total unemployed youth.

Source journal du cameroun

Ghana: Urgent Action On Youth Unemployment To Launch

Pressure group, Dynamic Youth Movement of Ghana (DYMOG) will in the coming days launch a project aimed at combating the the growing increase in unemployment amongst the youth.

The group which has embarked on rigirous anti corruption projects is now setting it’s radar on Youth Unemployment.

The campaign dubbed “Urgent Action on Youth Unemployed” will be launched on Monday 28th January at the University of Ghana.

The “Urgent Action On Youth Unemployment Campaign” seeks to create awareness about the alarming rate of Youth Unemployment and the need for immediate measures to be insituted to avert this issue which poses a threat to our National Security .

The Launch is set to bring together major stakeholders like Political Parties, TUC, Association of Ghana Industries, Academia and Student Leaders.

According to the group, the growing number of unemployed youth in the country poses a threat to the country’s development hence the need for such a dialogue between stakeholders.

The group which has been in existence since January 2017 has contributed immensely to the national discourse on issues bothering the youth.

Source Modern Ghana

Youth entrepreneurship key to job creation in South Africa – Pandor

By Charles Molele

Higher Education Minister Naledi Pandor says her department will support President Cyril Ramaphosa’s bold plan to create 257 000 job per annum by promoting entrepreneurship in the post-school sector.

According to Statistics SA, South Africa’s unemployment rate is high for both youth and adults; however, the unemployment rate among young people aged 15–34 was 38,2%. This means that more than one in every three young people in the labour force did not have a job in the first quarter of 2018

In an interview with Inside Education this week, Pandor pointed out that small business development was one of the critical solutions to job creation and has vowed to raise the matter with the president during the upcoming cabinet Lekgotla – a meeting of cabinet ministers, provincial Premiers, and directors-general, takes place annually to prepare for the State of the Nation Address in February.

The Banking Association of South Africa (BASA) shows has identified SMEs as productive drivers of inclusive economic growth and development in South Africa and around the world.

The association reports that some researchers have estimated that in South Africa, small and medium-sized enterprises make up 91% of formalised businesses and provide employment to about 60% of the labour force.

BASA also states that SMEs’ total economic output accounts for roughly 34% of GDP.

“While contributing significantly to the economy, SMEs foster diversification through their development of new and unsaturated sectors of the economy. In addition, innovative and technology-based small and medium enterprises can provide a platform for local, regional and international growth,” reads a BASA report on SMEs.

This is why the minister of higher education has focused some of her attention on bringing together new graduates with small businesses.

“We have a number of initiatives such as learnerships to support SMMEs and to create jobs among the youth. The setas investments and learnership should be a significant
contribution to job creation.

“But also, we are working and talking to not-for-profit organisations that are involved in skills development. You have organisations like Harambee for example. We are looking at what form of partnership they could have with us as government.

“At the moment they [Harambee] works largely with the private sector. They don’t work with are institutions necessarily. They receive some funding from the setas. But it is not an organised contractual partnership between my department and them.

“In order to reach the president’s objectives, I need organisations like Harambee to work so much closely with the colleges,” said Pandor.

She said more jobs for young people could be created in South Africa if the government implemented its commitment to direct 30% of its procurement spend to small businesses.

“We have very enterprising young people. I meet them all the time. If government can act on its decision that it will procure from small and medium entrepreneurs, we will
create lots of jobs for young people.

“If I have invented radio or computer or tablet and government decide every child at school will have a tablet and decide they will procure from small entrepreneurs, that entrepreneur is set for life and will employ many more young people,” said Pandor.

As a department, we will raise the matter with the president at the Lekgotla to say let us support entrepreneurs to create jobs because there are many innovative young people, said Pandor.

She added that the idea that says government needed to create the bulk of the jobs for the unemployed youth needs to shift.

“We must create entrepreneurs so that they can be the ones to create jobs. We sure can support innovative and inventive young people. The SETA investments and learnerships should make significant contribution [to job creation],” she said.

Pandor added that her department has established a number of partnerships or collaborations with the private sector to promote entrepreneurship among the youth. This was in response to the president’s call to grow the economy and create more jobs in the country.

Pandor told Inside Education her department already kick-started a pilot project that will see 36 colleges paired with businesses across South Africa to benefit about 845 undergraduates.

13 trades were targeted for this project, including: mechanical fitter, boilermaker, electrician, millwright, bricklayer, plumber, automotive mechanics, diesel mechanic, carpenter and joiner, welder, rigger, fitter and turner, and pipe fitter – all of which have been identified as key trades that meet the demand for the country’s skills.

“I’m especially excited about the [establishment] of centres of specialisation where students going to undertake the 13 programmes have apprenticeship contracts.

“For the first time, we have 845 young people coming into these 36 colleges with 13 trades and they already have a link with business. They know they will do their theory at college level and part of their studies will be in the business to which they are apprentices.

We’re starting it as a pilot [project] and should it succeed, I want it expanded,” said Pandor.

Pandor also spoke of the establishment of the Entrepreneurship Development Programme in Higher Education Programme with the University of Johannesburg (UJ). The programme focuses on entrepreneurial students, entrepreneurship in academia which includes curricula and staff capability and entrepreneurial universities. The programme also aims to bring all partners, including TVET colleges, FET colleges and SETAs.

At a recent roundtable with business leaders, Pandor said these programmes were critical to ensure the employability of graduates.

“Universities South Africa has agreed to host the programme at their offices in Pretoria, Gauteng Province. Processes are currently underway to set up a permanent office that
will coordinate activities across the system.

“I am inspired by the success of young entrepreneurs and innovators. Especially those who have taken advantage of the booming tourism, the booming mobile industry, the growing market in renewable energy and the evolving market in cultural and creative industries. It is our local innovators and entrepreneurs who will ultimately create the millions of jobs that we need to grow an inclusive economy.”

Source Inside Educational

South Africa organisations join hands to up-skill unemployed youth

The Artisan Training Institute (ATI) and the South African Capital Equipment Export Council (SACEEC) have secured a partnership that cements their mutual goal of fighting unemployment in South Africa.

This month, the two organisations signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that would see them working closely together on overlapping issues, of which the most pressing is equipping South Africa’s unemployed youth with job-ready skills.

ATI is one of the biggest private engineering training providers in South Africa, while SACEEC has established itself as a major export council in the SADC region, promoting the exports of South African capital equipment, machinery, general engineering and agriculture equipment.

The Council has exported to 87 countries globally, from Patagonia to Mongolia and New Zealand to Alaska.

“The partnership with ATI is a strategic fit for SACEEC,” says Eric Bruggeman, its MD. “The growth of South Africa’s export market is intrinsically linked with the availability of South African skills to grow local manufacturing.”

SACEEC has embarked on an aggressive localisation drive, partly through its collaboration with the Gauteng Growth & Development Agency. In this capacity, the Council visits South African municipalities, supports them to buy locally-produced engineering equipment, and finds South African alternatives to global brands.

“We believe that amongst the municipalities alone, there is approximately R3 billion per year in capital equipment that could be supplied from South Africa. If you translate this figure to job creation, it is significant,” says Hugh Saunders, chief financial officer of SACEEC.

“For every R1 million South Africa spends locally, we create up to 10 jobs. R3 billion therefore equates to roughly 30,000 jobs per year,” Saunders continues.

To enable local uptake in South African capital equipment and other products, municipalities require a surge in the availability of engineering skills.

This is where SACEEC’s partnership with ATI is critical. The Institute trains on average 1 200 artisans per year, aiming to grow its output of skilled artisans through on-going engagement with industry, donors and government.

Through the MoU between the two parties, SACEEC will address its member organisations’ skills needs by matching it with ATI’s service offering. SACEEC will be sending over 30 learner artisans to ATI’s Roodepoort campus over the next eight to 12 months.

SACEEC visited ATI’s campus on 5 November to explore the details of the partnership. During the visit, Bruggeman said he has been impressed with ATI’s training facilities and staffing. “I’ve been to all the training centres on the East Rand and none of them compare to what we saw today,” he said during the meeting.

As an export Council, capital equipment exhibitions form an integral part of SACEEC’s strategy to grow local manufacturers’ business footprints. Currently, it participates in over 30 trade shows per year.

One of the newest in its arsenal of tradeshows is the inaugural Local Southern African Manufacturing Expo (LME), set to take place from 21-23 May 2019 at Nasrec in Johannesburg. The exhibition is endorsed by David Makhura, the Premier of Gauteng and organised by SACEEC in partnership with Specialised Exhibitions Montgomery.

“The expo will be the first exhibition to showcase locally-manufactured equipment only to the international and local community. We have already secured the participation of 35 countries,” says Bruggeman.

According to Sean Jones, MD of ATI, the show presents an excellent opportunity to expose the market to the high standard of engineering equipment, services and skills Southern Africa has to offer.

ATI will be participating at LME, in partnership with SACEEC, by displaying its full technical skills offering in an interactive workshop setting. Skills such as fitting and turning, fabrication, welding, boilermaking, electrical & instrumentation skills, and pneumatics, hydraulics & electro-pneumatics will be exhibited.

A similar approach between the two organisations was followed at the Electra Mining Africa tradeshow that took place at Nasrec in September. For the first time in Electra’s 46-year history, the show dedicated the five-day event to specific themes, of which the first day focussed solely on skills development.

A section of the Nasrec centre was earmarked as a skills development centre, run by SACEEC in partnership with ATI. It comprised a fully functional workshop where learners demonstrated the technical skills they learnt at ATI.

According to Gerhardt van der Merwe, ATI’s marketing and sales manager, the intention of the exhibition was to demonstrate the different training options available to the mining and construction industry and encourage youngsters to consider artisan training as an exciting career development opportunity.

Future trade exhibitions in partnership with SACEEC and Specialised Exhibitions will include similar skills development areas and promotion strategies.

“ATI is excited to be associated with a trade council of SACEEC’s calibre,” says Jones. “A focus on local manufacturing, coupled with skills development, are key ingredients to reignite South Africa’s struggling economy.”

Source – Mining Review Africa

South Africa: New platform to combats youth unemployment

By Mel Muller

An alarming number of graduates are struggling to enter the job market. According to Statistics SA, South Africa’s unemployment rate among people between 15 and 34 was a staggering 52.8 percent in the third quarter of 2018.

In an attempt to tackle youth unemployment and bridge the gap between the youth and industry, a new digital platform called Trusted Interns has been launched.

The purpose of the initiative is to uplift and transition the community and allow youngsters to gain valuable on-the-job training while being paid. Trusted Interns founder Jaryd Raizon says youth unemployment in South Africa is reaching epidemic proportions and that we all need to work together to solve this problem as a matter of urgency. He further states that one of the most significant pain points in running a business has always been talent. It’s not just about finding the right people, but keeping, growing and empowering them.

Raizon says companies are not actively investing in the long term by hiring and educating the youth, but they are allocating their budgets towards “experienced individuals”, which is further perpetuating the unemployment problem. To contribute to solving it, Raizon launched to assist the youth in obtaining the valuable experience and training required for them to progress and contribute to society. The platform is easy to use at affordable rates to organisations, and the funds generated are reinvested into the development and roll-out of other career progression offerings such as job preparation workshops, mentorship programmes and bursary schemes for the youth. Raizon says the portal is not built to be a moneymaker, but rather to contribute to the upliftment and transformation of South Africa at scale.

The platform allows for employers looking for paid interns to post available internships within their organisation online. First-time job seekers are able to engage with organisations and apply for entry-level opportunities by creating a comprehensive online profile and showcasing their education, skill sets and portfolio. An in-journey “instruction” message, as well as a chatbot, has been implemented to assist students during the registration process. Job-seekers can view a list of available internships, company details, salaries on offer, images of the office environment, a description of the company culture as well as the structure of the team. Raizon says the reaction to the initiative has been incredibly positive, not only from graduates and organisations but the community as a whole.

He says with the support of the community, the right team and right tech Trusted Interns will be scalable and sustainable and, although it is still in the beta stage, beta clients are hiring through the initiative. Raizon is confident that the platform can contribute significantly to solving the issues of youth unemployment. The platform can be found at More than 15 companies are currently engaging and hiring through the portal.

Source – Independent Online

Nigeria: Galvanising policies for youth empowerment

By Collins Olayinka

It is often said that while there is an abundance of policies to tackle youth unemployment in Nigeria, the framework to make them produce the desired result is largely lacking.
Labour experts believe that there is an urgent need to fashion out appropriate action plan that is aimed at galvanising various opportunities youth can explore to escape unemployment and under-employment, that spells out responsibilities, timelines, monitoring and evaluation mechanism for implementation of policies.

Speaking at a multi-stakeholder meeting on Nigerian Youth Employment Action Plan and the Global Initiative on Decent Jobs for the youths in Nigeria, the Director, International Labour Organisation (ILO) Country Office, Abuja, covering Nigeria, Ghana, Liberia, and Sierra Leone and Liaison Office for ECOWAS, Dennis Zulu, submitted that Nigeria has no choice than to take practical steps to halt the growing youth unemployment in the country.

He explained: “We already see a lot of initiatives in Nigeria that are targeting this challenge. Indeed, Africa has no choice than to tackle this challenge. Youth need to be given jobs because that is the only way they can contribute to building the economy.

Youth of today are facing challenges because the economies of most African nations are not growing in a way that can create sufficient jobs and build budding entrepreneurship.

“Bringing together available frameworks and policies into an action plan by Nigeria is a way to go.”

Zulu added that with technology offering a leeway out of youth unemployment, conscious steps must be taken to provide enabling environment for the private sector to thrive.

“I think the role that the private sector plays is critical. Therefore, there must be an enabling environment for the private sector to grow and create jobs in the process.

In addition to that, the whole issue of addressing skills amongst youth because in some cases the jobs are available but the right skills are not there.

So, tackling unemployment requires looking at it from both the demand and supply sides. Supply side requires arming youth with appropriate skills to be able to get the jobs that are available in the labour market,” he stated.

For Zulu, the absence of action plans to drive policy frameworks has been a major drawback in tackling unemployment generally in Nigeria.

His words: “What we are doing today is an action plan. Usually, the problem is that there are policies often without action plan or policies without budgets.

What are doing today is discussing a national youth action plan, which clearly states what different actions need to be taken, what different strategies needed for the actions and specific responsible organisations. What is needed is not funding because funding is available locally.

So, now we have an action plan that is very clear about activities with timelines, responsible organisations so that at the end of the day, if things are not implemented according to the plan, we know who to hold responsible.”

On his part, the Executive Director, Mind the Gap, Tayo Olosunde insisted that so much more is going on with youth developing solutions to community challenges that is not known to the public.

He said: “We know so much about what is not happening in Nigeria and forget to highlight what is happening. If we don’t talk about what is happening, we would not realise that more can still happen. As we speak, a lot of discerning youths against all odds are developing a lot of ideas, solutions to problems in their communities and are gaining recognition globally.

Firms from all over are coming to Nigeria to tap into the reservoir of ability of our youths to power their economy in the future and even now. Our organisation in partnership with Goggle, which has trained over 1,000 youths in all the states of the federation that are empowered and are gainfully employed. Nobody is talking about that.”

Olosunde submitted that rejigging the education curricula of Nigeria from purely theoretical outlook to entrepreneurial focussed one would be a daunting task not minding the achievements of Nigerian youth in ICT world.

But he insisted that it is doable: “We can achieve that by developing technology. Technology is an enabler that is making very single person that is smart realise that mobile phones are becoming new universities.

People are doing programmes using their phones and getting certificates that are more recognise than certificates that are obtained in the traditional institutions of learning.

So, the discerning young ones are realising that this is the new infrastructure that the government should give them. Government should make the Internet cheap and available. Government can create education porter where resources are made available for the young people to access free of charge.

Source – The Guardian

Kenya: Youth want unemployment declared a national disaster

Kenyan youth under the auspices of The Youth Congress have unveiled a #NoToUnemployment campaign calling on the government to declare unemployment a national disaster.

This they say will give it the attention and focus that it deserves.

In a statement by the convener Raphael Obonyo, they claim unemployment is a big burden on the lives of many Kenyans especially the youth.

“Currently, over 70 per cent of jobless people are youth. Over 1 million young people join the labour market annually with only a small fraction getting jobs. We have a growing population of educated but jobless youth.” He said

He continued to say that government’s youth empowerment programmes like Youth Enterprise Development Fund (YEDF), UWEZO and 30 per cent quota of public procurement for the youth are not enough compared to population of jobless youth.

” We need massive employment programmes that empower the youth.” He added.

He noted that Kenya is facing one of the greatest national disasters of all time putting the security and future of the country at risk and thus it is imperative for the government to declare unemployment a national disaster to ensure robust and appropriate interventions are put in place.

Source – KBC

Importance of Youth Empowerment

By silky jain

The need to empower youth for a better tomorrow is connected both, to the financial elevation as well as increment of the standard of living. Awareness is a key factor for this empowerment, with guidance towards developing a wholesome outlook of life. Youth empowerment in any development is imperative not only for national development, also for personal development of an individual.

Youth empowerment is pursued by promoting youth rights, youth activism and in community decision making. Empowerment is necessarily a process of inculcating values to equip the learner lead a life that is satisfying to the individual while being in accordance with the cherished values and ideals of the society. At present it is the most effective mean that society possesses for confronting the challenges of the future.

Here are a few reasons why Youth Empowerment is essential

Poverty eradication:

Youth empowerment can help reduce the rate of poverty to a significant level.

One of the keys to empowering the youth is with skill development. When a youth is equipped with essential skills, he can utilize them to feed, assist others, and even invest for future use, aiding the nation economically. This will in-turn contribute to the increase in employability and add to the GDP of the nation.

Good education standard:

Empowerment can help youth to understand the importance of education that leads to social improvement of the country.

When a youth is empowered, he understands the importance of education and helps uplift the sector, integral for a developing nation such as India. Such empowered youth can donate educational facilities to primary, secondary and even to tertiary institutions.

Good governance:

With the inculcation of youth empowerment, the youth can reject the status quo and pave a path for a better future.

Today, the youth is claiming his right to a decent living by willing to take risks, which helps in the development of leadership skills. Starting from Martin Luther King Jr to Justin Trudeau, visionary leaders are noted to have taken risks from a tender age.

In other words, to build a better tomorrow, we need to nurture the saplings of today. Hence, a radical government, which is pro-people, comes from harnessing bright minds capable of taking the nation into a brighter future.

Crime reduction:

Empowerment ensures that youth has the necessary skill to sustain a livelihood, preventing him to adopt the path of crime.

Presently, a lot has been spent in the name of fighting crime without understanding that crime affects the youth in an intrinsic level. It is easy for a young impressionable mind to get waylaid and get entrapped in anti-social activities because he was not empowered morally, academically as well as financially.

There are serious social and economic consequences associated with not addressing the youth who is at the risk of negative circumstances – not only for the youth himself and his family, but also for the society at large.

Empowerment enables a young mind to differentiate the wrong from the right, denouncing the path of injustice for a respectable living.

In today’s day and age, young minds should have access to resources to transform their consciousness through their beliefs, values, and attitudes.

Nigeria: Unemployed youths, grave threat to security, development – FG

The Federal Government says the increasing number of unemployed youths in the country poses a great threat to the nation’s security and socioeconomic development.

Mr Olusade Adesola, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Youth and Sports Development, said this at a Multi Stakeholder meeting on the ‘Nigerian Youth Employment Action Plan and Global Initiative on Decent Jobs for Youths’ in Abuja.

The programme was organised by the Sports Enterprise and Promotion Department of the Ministry, in collaboration with the International Labour Organisation (ILO).

In his remarks at the occasion, Adesola said that youth unemployment remains a great challenge in the country and there was an urgent need to mitigate the problem and provide opportunities for economic engagement of the youths.

“To this end, the government with support from the ILO, developed the youth employment action plan which targets youths between the ages of 18 to 35, to address the fragmentation and harness technical and financial resources for meaningful impact.

“The energy, adaptability, creativity, openness to new ideas and learning are some of those things that makes Nigerian youths valuable potentials.

“The energy, adaptability, creativity, openness to new ideas and learning are some of those things that make Nigerian youths valuable potentials.

“These potentials of youths when not recognised, becomes a source of tension with negative consequences to national growth and development.

“With this understanding on the importance of youths, efforts are being made at regional, national and global levels, to set up structures and mechanisms to promote youth development focused on employment and sustainable livelihood, health care and education opportunities,” the official said.

He, however, expressed displeasure over the strict measures put in place by foreign embassies to obtain visas by youths scheduled to travel for international entrepreneurial conferences.

“I crave the indulgence of the ILO to engage all the missions and countries represented in Nigeria; when we present requests for visas to them for our youths to participate in international conferences, please let them look at those requests objectively.

“Our experiences in the past have not been palatable, any request to them with invitation they turn it down.

“They are not migrating but to acquire knowledge that when they come back, can help contribute to the development of Nigeria, ‘’ Adesola said.

On his part, the Director ILO country office in Nigeria, Mr Dennis Zulu, said that the national development plan directly targets the creation of jobs for the teeming population of unemployed youths in the country.

“It is important we work with many of the organisations to come up with a blueprint for job creation for the youths in Nigeria, which is coherent, integrated and which will stand the test of time,” he said.

Also speaking, Sen. Chris Ngige, Minister of Labour and Employment, commended the ILO for its interest and commitment in partnering with Nigeria towards addressing the challenging unemployment problem in the country.

He said the administration of President Muhammodu Buhuri has high premium placed on curbing the menace of youth’s unemployment and crimes in Nigeria.

“As part of the strategy to address the current unemployment problem, the ministry with the support of the ILO had reviewed the National Employment Policy that has been approved by government.

“The reviewed policy is a veritable instrument in addressing increasing disparity between economic growth and low capacity within the economy and to create decent and sustainable employment in the country, ‘’Ngige said.

Source: Pulse NG